A striking example of the kind of utterance that has caused professional transcribers to state as fast as Trump sounds off via Twitter: "There is no collusion certainly myself and my campaign, but I can always speak for myself---and the Russians, zero."
At the time President Trump gave the aforesaid response to a question at one of the May 2017 press conferences, it served as the latest example of descriptions that he has made since he took over the White House residency on January 20, 2017.
One doesn't have to be an English major or an English language expert to diagnose the aforesaid expression which exemplified his tortured syntax, mid-thought changes of subject, and evident trouble in formulating complete sentences, not to underscore the importance of coherent paragraphs in unscripted speech.
It wasn't the first time that Trump was known to give on-air interviews. Since his inauguration, reviews have been made in comparison with the Question & Answer sessions. Those who have commented lengthily find the differences as "striking and unmistakable."
Researchers on the subject of radical changes in speaking style have stated that the cause lies in cognitive decline.
Certain interview samples have come to the fore.
In interviews Trump gave in the 1980s and the 1990s (with Tom Brokaw, David Letterman, Oprah Winfrey, among those who figured prominently), he was described as having spoken "articulately," using "sophisticated vocabulary," despite his insertion of dependent clauses into his sentences into a polished paragraph, without losing his train of thought, as summarized.
Trump was noted particularly as "having strung together sentences into a polished paragraph, which...and this is no mean feat...would have scanned just fine in print."
The above-mentioned description was so noted: "Even when reporters asked tough questions about, for example, his divorce, his brush with bankruptcy, and why he doesn't build housing for working class Americans," seemed to be taken up for the sake of clarity.
The Trump answers consisted of words and phrases such as: "subsided," "inclination," "discredited," "sparring session," and others that indicated what his listeners called "a certain innate intelligence." Tossed off were well-made sentences such as: "It could have been a contentious route," and "These are the only casinos in the United States that are so rated."
He was quoted as stating well-turned sentences: "If you get into what's missing, you don't appreciate what you have," and "Adversity is a very funny thing."
As he took over as 45th president, reportedly Trump's vocabulary became simpler.
Here are the examples: he repeats himself over and over; lurches from one subject to an unrelated one as illustrated during an interview with the Associated Press only weeks ago.
"People want the border all. My base definitely wants the border all, my base really wants it. You've been to many of the rallies. OK, the thing they want more than anything is the wall. My base, which is a big base; I think my base is 45 percent. You know, it's funny. The Democrats, they have a big advantage n the Electoral College. Big, big, big advantage....The Electoral College is very difficult for a Republican to win, and I will tell you, the people want to see it. They want to see the wall."
Research has disclosed that deterioration in the fluency, complexity, and vocabulary level of spontaneous speech can indicate slipping brain function due to normal aging or neurodegenerative disease.
Consequently, based on the research studies on the manner of Trump's language which researchers have considered solely as unscripted utterances, not planned speeches and statements based on the principle: only the former tap the neural networks that offer a window into brain function.
The same research studies focused on the same sort of linguistic decline which can likewise reflect stress, frustration, anger or merely plain fatigue.
As noted via the recent interview with National Broadcasting Corporation's Lester Holt, a Trump comment drew what a second-grade teacher said in despair: "We'll do some questions, unless you have enough questions."
Other Trump examples drawn from the Holt interview: "When I did this now I said, I probably, maybe, will confuse people, maybe I'll expand that, you know, lengthen the time because it should be over with, in my opinion, should have been over with a long time ago."
Those cited in the same NBC interview: "If they don't treat fairly, I am terminating NAFTA, and "I don't support or unsupport" ...leaving out a "me" in the first and an "it" (or more specific noun) in the second. Other sentences simply don't track: "From the time I took office till now, you know, it's a very exact thing. It's not like generalities."
Some language experts say the change in logistic ability could be strategic; maybe Trump thinks his supporters like to hear him speak simply and with more passion than proper syntax.
One comment: "Maybe he's using it as a strategy to appeal to certain types of people."
Why neurologists use tests of verbal fluency and especially how it has changed over time, to assess cognitive status is timely: "The reason linguistic and cognitive decline often go hand in hand, is that fluency reflects the performance of the brain's prefrontal cortex, the seat of higher-order cognitive functions such as working memory, judgment, understanding, and planning, as well as the temporal lobe, which searches for and retrieves the right words from memory."
One Trump supporter who declined to be identified but wishes to see that he will pay more attention to his declarations, implied how language can deteriorate for other reasons.
"His language difficulties could be due to the immense pressure he's under, or to annoyance that things aren't going right and that there are all these scandals."
Another line of reasoning emerged: "It could also be due to a neurodegenerative disease or the normal cognitive decline that comes with aging."
Speaking about aging, Trump just celebrated his 71st birthday anniversary.
The rationale in regard to the aging phenomenon: "Research shows that virtually nobody is as sharp at age 70 as they were at age 40."
Another opinion has put forward a fact of life, as described by a neurologist.
"A wide range of cognitive functions, including verbal fluency, begin to decline long before we hit retirement age. So, no surprise here."
In reviewing the commentaries cited in the foregoing, evidently, the well-known researchers in the field were directed in their manifold studies and certainly, in studying the present state of the presidency as it unfolds, is meant to disseminate information.
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