Opinion & Community

Donald Trump attacks US media at 100-day Pennsylvania rally

US President Donald Trump has launched a scathing attack on the media during a rally marking 100 days in office.
He told supporters in Pennsylvania that he was keeping "one promise after another", dismissing criticism as "fake news" by "out of touch" journalists.
Mr Trump decided to skip the White House Correspondents' Dinner - the first US leader to miss the annual event since Ronald Reagan in 1981.
Earlier, big rallies were held against Mr Trump's climate change policies.
At the rally in Harrisburg, the president said the media should be given "a big, fat, failing grade" over their coverage of his achievements during his first 100 days and told the cheering crowd he was "thrilled to be more than 100 miles from Washington".
He quipped that at the same time "a large group of Hollywood actors and Washington media are consoling themselves" at the correspondents' dinner "that will be very boring".
Turning to his election pledges, Mr Trump said the first 100 days had been "very exciting and very productive".
He said he was "delivering every single day" to bring industrial jobs back to the US, ending the so-called "war on coal".
The president said the previous administration of Barack Obama "gave us a mess", stressing that he was ready for "great battles to come and we will win in every case".

Millennials owe a record amount of debt, and it could become a huge drag on the economy

US consumer debt is approaching a record 20% of GDP, and millennials owe most of it.

Millennials — 21 to 34-year-olds — hold an estimated $1.1 trillion of the country's $3.6 trillion in consumer debt, according to UBS, as rising student and auto loans outweigh a drop in mortgages.

And all that rising debt is coming with rising default risks. A UBS evidence lab survey found that 52% of people worried about defaulting on any loan over the next 12 months were in the 21 to 34 age group.

That's not good news considering those same individuals are meant to be the largest source of spending on big-ticket purchase items like houses and cars over the next year (see the chart above).

There is already evidence that millennials are changing their spending habits on smaller items where, according to Lindsay Drucker Mann of Goldman Sachs Research, millennials are willing to search for the lowest price on an item or patiently wait for the right deal to pop up.

"We see areas where millennials are willing to spend, but overall, they're not levering themselves up to make their dollars go further; they're being much smarter and much more conservative about their balance sheets," Drucker Mann said on a January episode of Goldman Sachs' "Exchanges at Goldman Sachs" podcast.

Concerns about student loans, of course, have come up before. In early April, New York Fed President William Dudley said that “continued increase in college costs and debt burdens could inhibit higher education's ability to serve as an important engine of upward income mobility.”

But auto-loan debt is another matter. A growing amount of auto loan debt is coming from leasing, with 32%of millennials opting to lease in 2016, up from 21% in 2011, according to a January report from Edmunds. Among households making $50,000 or less, millennials made up 21% of lessees (the largest of any age group).

Should delinquent car payments become an issue because already-squeezed millennials choose

 to pay student loans first, lower-credit-score applicants could have a hard time financing car purchases. If that happens, automakers could be hurt.

And if big-ticket purchases begin to slow down, economic growth expectations may need to adjust.

-Raul Hernandez, Business Insider

Noninterference policy: Duterte tells West to stop meddling



President Rodrigo Duterte on Saturday stressed the importance of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations’ (Asean) time-honored tradition of noninterference in each other’s internal affairs to foster fruitful relations, calling on the regional bloc to value the supremacy of law and the peaceful resolution of disputes.

He also urged the country’s neighbors to be more forthright in pushing for the region’s interests on the international stage, as the Asean held its 30th summit and marked its 50th year.

Mr. Duterte, who has often bristled at comments and concerns from international groups and other countries about his bloody drug war, asked his regional neighbors to work together to fight the narcotics scourge and bring about a drug-free Asean.

But in an oblique swipe at Western governments which have lashed out at his tough anticrime policy, Mr. Duterte asked them not to meddle in the affairs of countries in the region even as his speech was couched in a formal, diplomatic tone.

He said ties could become stronger and more productive “if we learn to respect each other’s independence and treat each other as sovereign equals,” Mr. Duterte said. “Relations bear fruit when they are based on mutual respect and benefit.”

Mr. Duterte also cited the need for the 10-nation bloc to address security issues, including terrorism and piracy, but made no mention of touchy South China Sea territorial rifts, which China did not want to be highlighted in the daylong talks.

The long-simmering disputes, along with alarm over North Korea’s nuclear ambitions and intensifying standoff with the United States, have taken attention away from the more benign topics of regional economic integration.

The summit is the first major international event Mr. Duterte has hosted since taking office 10 months ago.


Mr. Duterte again went back to his favorite topic, and warned that the drug problem threatens the gains of community-building and destroys lives, especially of the youth, he said.

“The illegal drug trade apparatus is massive. But it is not impregnable. With political will and cooperation, it can be dismantled, it can be destroyed before it destroys our societies,” he said.

In opening the summit, Mr. Duterte noted that the regional bloc was founded on the concepts of unity, solidarity and cooperation.

“The cornerstones form part of time-honored principles of international law: Mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of all nations and noninterference in the internal affairs of one another,” he added.

Asean’s relationship with its dialogue partners, which includes the United States and the European Union, could be stronger if they respected each other’s independence and treated each other as equals, he said.

“Our engagement with dialogue partners allowed us to set the table for meaningful discussions on maintaining peace and stability, the pursuit of development goals, the peaceful resolution of disputes, and the promotion of our peoples’ welfare,” he said.

“Let me say again, relations bear fruit when they are based on mutual respect and benefit. Dialogue relations can be made more productive and constructive if the valued principle of noninterference in the internal affairs of Asean member-states is observed,” he added.

Law should reign supreme

Mr. Duterte also said the law must reign supreme in the region and disputes must be resolved peacefully. He did not directly mention conflicting claims of China, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia, Vietnam and Taiwan over the South China Sea.

“Relations also remain solid if all stakeholders learn to respect and value the peaceful resolution of disputes. In an era where there can be much uncertainty, we must faithfully adhere to the supremacy of the law and rely on the primacy of rules as responsible members of the international community,” he said.

He made the call even after earlier nixing a proposal to bring up during the summit the ruling of the Permanent Court of Arbitration that had invalidated Beijing’s claim to nearly the whole of the South China Sea. The ruling, he had said, was a nonissue in the Asean and was just between China and the Philippines.

Security issues

He said yesterday that both traditional and nontraditional security issues hinder efforts to promote peace, stability,security and prosperity in our the region.

He also sought continued vigilance to address security threats, including piracy, armed robbery, terrorism and violent extremism.

“Eternal vigilance is the price that we must pay to keep our citizens safe. We can only achieve this through advancing cooperation at the bilateral, regional and multilateral levels,” he said.

The Philippines’ priorities as it chairs the Asean this year include promoting the bloc as a model for regionalism and as a global player.

It must be more forceful in pushing for its interests, Mr. Duterte said.

“History will judge us on how we are able to help our people and our region become even better and stronger based on the values and heritage we hold dear. In this milestone year, the time is ripe—and indeed it is right—to make our decisions count. It is time for Asean to finally assert, with conviction, its position in the international arena,” he said.

Under the Philippine chairmanship, the Asean will continue to work toward becoming a “proactive, relevant and transformative” bloc, he said.

The other priorities of the group this year are building a people-oriented and people-centered Asean, maintaining a peaceful and stable region, cooperating in maritime security, advancing inclusive and innovative-led growth, and promoting the region’s resiliency.

Mr. Duterte said citizens of Asean members have the same aspirations, which is that their rights and welfare as a people are protected and promoted. They also want a stable source of livelihood, shelter, quality education, affordable healthcare, a peaceful and stable government and a dynamic economy.

The Asean must do all it can to provide these for them, he said.

Mr. Duterte kicked off the opening of the Asean summit after welcoming the bloc’s leaders and spouses at the Philippine International Convention Center.

Among the guests at the event were former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, former first lady and Ilocos Norte Rep. Imelda Marcos, Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno, United States Ambassador Sung Kim and Chinese Ambassador Zhao Jianhua.

Following a cultural presentation, Mr. Duterte posed for the traditional family photo with the Asean leaders. —



Harnessing heat to power computers

Engineers devise thermal diode that allows computing at ultra-high temperatures

One of the biggest problems with computers, dating to the invention of the first one, has been finding ways to keep them cool so that they don't overheat or shut down.

Instead of combating the heat, two University of Nebraska-Lincoln engineers have embraced it as an alternative energy source that would allow computing at ultra-high temperatures.

Sidy Ndao, assistant professor of mechanical and materials engineering, said his research group's development of a nano-thermal-mechanical device, or thermal diode, came after flipping around the question of how to better cool computers.

"If you think about it, whatever you do with electricity you should (also) be able to do with heat, because they are similar in many ways," Ndao said. "In principle, they are both energy carriers. If you could control heat, you could use it to do computing and avoid the problem of overheating."

A paper Ndao co-authored with Mahmoud Elzouka, a graduate student in mechanical and materials engineering, was published in the March edition of Scientific Reports. In it, they documented their device working in temperatures that approached 630 degrees Fahrenheit.

Ndao said he expects the device could eventually work in heat as extreme as 1,300 degrees Fahrenheit, which could have major implications in many industries.

"We are basically creating a thermal computer," Ndao said. "It could be used in space exploration, for exploring the core of the earth, for oil drilling, (for) many applications. It could allow us to do calculations and process data in real time in places where we haven't been able to do so before."

By taking advantage of an energy source that has long been overlooked, Ndao said, the thermal diode could also help limit the amount of energy that gets wasted.

"It is said now that nearly 60 percent of the energy produced for consumption in the United States is wasted in heat," Ndao said. "If you could harness this heat and use it for energy in these devices, you could obviously cut down on waste and the cost of energy."

The next step is making the device more efficient and making a physical computer that could work in the highest of temperatures, Ndao said.

Though the researchers have filed for a patent, Elzouka said there is still work to be done to improve the diode and its performance.

"If we can achieve high efficiency, show that we can do computations and run a logic system experimentally, then we can have a proof-of-concept," Elzouka said. "(That) is when we can think about the future."

Yet Ndao has even bigger ambitions for his group's research.

"We want to to create the world's first thermal computer," he said. "Hopefully one day, it will be used to unlock the mysteries of outer space, explore and harvest our own planet's deep-beneath-the-surface geology, and harness waste heat for more efficient-energy utilization."


-Science Daily

Alexa, how do I look?

Amazon 'style assistant' divides opinion

Some say it could inspire confidence while others voiced privacy concerns.
The $200 (£154) gadget, not yet on sale, features a camera to capture full-length selfies and video which can be stored to create a personal "look book".
It uses smart assistant Alexa to give a verdict on outfit choices and recommend clothes to buy.
It is listed as available "by invitation only" on the Amazon website and is aimed at the US market only.
"With this data, Amazon won't be able to just sell you clothes or judge you. It could analyze (sic) if you're depressed or pregnant and much else," tweeted Zeynap Tufekci, assistant professor at the University of North Carolina.
"Not just a privacy disaster; people don't understand what algorithms can infer from pictures. You are disclosing a lot of health info, too."
Amazon said that it would not share any personal information with advertisers or third party websites.

But Fiona Blake, who runs a closed Facebook page where hundreds of women share photos of their outfits and offer each other supportive fashion advice, said she thought the Echo Look sounded like a good idea.
"People struggle with looking in the mirror and taking photographs of themselves," she said.
"This is brilliant daily inspiration. You could flick through your own personal Pinterest board [of outfit choices] - that is key for getting up, getting dressed and getting out there.
"I'm happy for someone to recommend something. I can't get to every high street shop. I don't mind being sold to but I know a lot of people don't like that approach."

Professional stylist Donna McCulloch, from Sulky Doll stylists, said people should not rely on an app to tell them what to wear.
"If you are unsure about an outfit, then trust your own gut instinct and try a different look instead," she said.

Ben Wood, analyst at CCS Insight, said the Echo Look may not appeal to all ages.
"For younger people that happily share regular moments of their life via SnapChat and Instagram, the general response has been positive with the main limitation being the price," he told the BBC.
"However, for a slightly older audience it either seems completely unnecessary (I already have a full length mirror) or is regarded as a considerable privacy concern - particularly in the context of a device that it makes sense to have in a bedroom.
"It underlines Amazon's ambitions for its growing range of Alexa-powered Echo products. The Echo Look helps extend its reach into other parts of people's homes and also in the dramatically different product categories orientated around fashion."

Exhausted Duterte jokes: No more 'summit summit'

MANILA – Toward the end of perhaps one of his busiest days as head of state, President Rodrigo Duterte plodded up the steps to the stage, wiped his nose with the back of his hand, scratched his nape, stood on the rostrum and declared: no more summits.
The Philippine president faced the press Saturday night in a briefing to conclude the 30th Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit, appearing exhausted over his debut hosting.
“Anak ka ng… Kung ganito lang ang summit, kanselado na ‘yung sa November (If summits are like this, then let’s just cancel the one in November),” Duterte said in jest, the top of his barong unbuttoned, his sleeves rolled up.
The Philippines is scheduled to again serve as the venue for the ASEAN Summit in November. And 72-year-old Duterte, the oldest to ever be elected Philippine president, is again due to play host.
“’Yung sa Foreign Affairs, Sir, ‘wag ka nang mag-summit summit dito (To the Foreign Affairs [Secretary], do not hold any more summits here),” joked Duterte, referring to acting Foreign Affairs Secretary Enrique Manalo.
Throughout the day, Duterte had shown restraint of the playful ways he usually exhibits in public, as if keenly aware that he was in the company of other ASEAN leaders.
He stuck to prepared speeches, his words measured, in stark contrast to lengthy impromptu remarks in his public outings.
But after a full day restricted by protocol, Duterte let loose in meeting the press Saturday night, even joking that the media should have been invited to the gala dinner with ASEAN leaders and other dignitaries.
“Sabi nang ‘wag kayong mag-summit-summit kung wala kayong pera (I told you not to host summits if you don’t have a budget),” Duterte said, drawing chuckles from those in the room.
At one point, when an officer approached to remind him it was time for the gala dinner, Duterte said: “They (ASEAN leaders) can start dinner.”
He eventually obliged and excused himself from the media: “I do not want to…[but] somebody would need to eat now.”

But before leaving the stage, Duterte called on the women, saying the ladies would usually ask for photos with him in his press engagements.
“I am not trying to be a show-off, but I’ve noticed that after every conference, a lot of mostly women would want to have a picture with me. Women, come up and we’ll have the pictures,” said the President.
He took a few minutes taking selfies and group photos before heading to his dinner hosting.


Leni to graduates: Take leap of faith when necessary

TANAUAN CITY, Batangas - Vice President Leni Robredo visited Tanauan City on Saturday for the 13th commencement exercises of the First Asia Institute of Technology and Humanities.
In her speech, Robredo shared her experience before, during and after college.
Before she went to college, she said that she was very sure that she wanted to become a lawyer and follow the footsteps of her father who was a judge in their hometown.
But everything changed when she studied at the University of the Philippines (UP), taking up Economics during martial law.
Robredo said, "Before I went to UP, I shied away from all political discussions."
While in college, she said she realized the need to get involved due to the "abuses, plunder and worsening poverty" under the Marcos dictatorship.
"That's when I realized I needed to get involved and fight the oppressive regime," she said.
After the EDSA revolution overthrew the Marcos regime, Robredo said that was when she realized she could not go straight to law school as she had planned.
She said she wanted to "go straight to public service" to help Filipinos get a better life.
Although she was afraid of what his father might tell her, the Vice President said she took the leap of faith.
This is what she also asked from the new graduates: to take the leap of faith when necessary - but always remember that when facing such a phase of life, ask if it's right thing to do.
"Always ask yourself, 'Am I doing the right thing?' Ask yourself, 'How will my decision affect others?" she said.

Fay Virrey, ABS-CBN News


Labor group says Duterte breaking Labor Day tradition, promises

A labor group on Saturday expressed dismay at President Rodrigo Duterte for "breaking tradition" and his supposed failure to fulfill his promises ahead of the celebration of Labor Day on Monday.
"Breaking tradition, President Duterte will celebrate this year's Labor Day at a public park in Davao City instead of Malacañan Palace where labor leaders used to be treated to a breakfast, a dialogue or a gift-giving ceremony," Lakas Manggawa Labor Center (LMLC) vice chairman Dave Diwa said in a forum held in Quezon City.
In an invitation letter shared by Diwa to GMA News Online, the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) invited LMLC members to the Labor Day assembly with the Duterte on May 1 at the People's Park in Davao City.
Diwa said that almost 50 labor group leaders from Metro Manila were invited by DOLE to attend the Labor Day event in Davao City.
Instead of flying to Davao City, Diwa said groups will hold protests and join Labor Day events in Metro Manila on Monday.
"NAGKAISA, a broad coalition of some 47 labor federations will march from Welcome Rotunda to Mendiola in fron tof Malacañang. In the afternoon, the Kilusang Mayo Uno (KMU) will assemble at the Liwasang Bonifacio and by four o'clock will also march to Mendiola in Malacanan," he said.
"TUCP-ITUC (Trade Union Congress of the Philippines - International Trade Union Confederation) will join the government's "job fairs" in Quezon City. Other labor groups will celebrate Labor Day by conducting indoor memebership meetings and assemblies," he added.
Financial package
Diwa said that Labor Secretary Silvestre Bello III had said that Duterte will unveil a "surprise financial package" during the Davao City event.
However, Diwa said that workers "cannot be appeased by dole outs."
"Barely 10 months in the office, we do not expect Duterte to grant many of the things denied to us over the years. But we expect him at least, to fulfil the promises he has made so far,"' he added.
Diwa also raised his concern over the increase in the contribution rate for Social Security System (SSS) members.
"President Duterte promised to give P2,000 additional pension to our workers who have retired from work in the private sector. He gave P1,000 but raised the contribution of SSS members from 11 percent to 16 percent in five years," he said.
Duterte in January approved a hike of P1,000 for the pension of some two million retired SSS members. Another P1,000 pension hike increase will be implemented in 2022.
The pension hike, however, comes with an increase of 1.5 percent in premiums of active members by May, which will increase the contribution rate from 11 percent to 12.5 percent to be shared by employer and employee.
SSS Chairman Amado Valdez said that the contribution rate could be increased annually until it reaches the target of 17 percent from the current rate over six years.
No real 'endo'
Diwa, meanwhile, said that DOLE's Department Order 174 was a "joke."
"He (Duterte) promised to cut by half the number of contractual employees by 2016. This is a joke. He promised to end contractualization this year, 2017, but the government issued Department Order No. 174 that further legitimizes contracting and sub-contracting of labor," Diwa said.
The DOLE order prohibits the repeated hiring of employees under an employment contract that falls short of the mandated six months to qualify for regularization.
"President Duterte has made his mark for millions of our workers today. He broke tradition; he did not fulfill two promises he made when he ran for office now that he is President," Diwa said.



Donald Trump has failed to achieve more than 80% of what he promised in his first 100 days

The president has successfully carried out only seven of the 38 promises in his 'Contract with the American Voter'

Less than one month before election day, Donald Trump addressed a crowd of supporters in historic Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Candidate Trump promised the crowd that, if elected, he would carry out every proposal laid out in his “Contract with the American Voter” – a 100-day, 38-prong plan to “restore prosperity to our economy, security to our communities, and honesty to our government.”

In an interview this month with the Associated Press, President Trump referred to the plan not as a contract, but as a “concept” that “somebody put out”.

“I'm mostly there on most items,” he said.

According to The Independent’s tally, Mr Trump has fully achieved seven of his 38 proposals. Others have been partially completed; some are impossible to quantify.

Below is a step-by-step review of every proposal Mr Trump made in his contract – and whether he has succeeded in his promise to carry them out by his 100th day in office.
? Sort of. Mr Trump ordered a hiring freeze – with exemptions for military personnel, national security and public safety – on 24 January. He lifted it fewer than three months later, on 12 April. Mick Mulvaney, director of the White House Office of Management and Budget, said the hiring freeze had been replaced by a “smarter plan, a more strategic plan.”

Promise: Propose a Constitutional Amendment to impose term limits on all members of Congress.

Completed? No.

Promise: Impose a requirement that for every new federal regulation, two existing regulations must be eliminated.

Completed? Yes. Mr Trump issued an executive order in January declaring “whenever an executive department or agency publicly proposes for notice and comment or otherwise promulgates a new regulation, it shall identify at least two existing regulations to be repealed.”
Promise: Impose a five-year ban on White House and Congressional officials becoming lobbyists after they leave government service.

Completed? Kind of. Mr Trump issued an order requiring all executive appointees to pledge not to lobby for their agencies for five years. The order excludes congressional officials, and only limits lobbying for the agency in which the appointee served – not lobbying in general.

Promise: Impose a lifetime ban on White House officials lobbying on behalf of a foreign government.

Completed? Yes. The same executive order prevents executive appointees from lobbying on behalf of foreign governments.

Promise: Impose a complete ban on foreign lobbyists raising money for American elections.

Completed? No.
Promise: Renegotiate Nafta or withdraw from the deal under Article 2205.

Completed? Sort of. Mr Trump has met with leaders from Mexico and Canada to discuss renegotiating the agreement, and this month he implemented his first tariffs against Canada. He has also required the US Department of Commerce and US Trade Representative to examine all the factors that contribute to the US trade deficit and submit a report on their findings. But just this week, he told leaders from Mexico and Canada he would not be withdrawing from the deal – yet.

Promise: Announce our withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)

Completed? Yes. Mr Trump announced the US’s withdrawal from the TPP on 23 January.

Promise: Direct my secretary of the treasury to label China a currency manipulator

Completed? No. Mr Trump has reversed course on labelling the country a China manipulator, citing Chinese President Xi Jinping’s help in dealing with North Korea.
Promise: Direct the Secretary of Commerce and US Trade Representative to identify all foreign trading abuses that unfairly impact American workers and direct them to use every tool under American and international law to end those abuses immediately.

Completed? Yes. Mr Trump is requiring his agency heads to conduct numerous such reviews. The “Buy American and Hire American” executive order, for example, requires the secretary of commerce and the US trade representative to “assess the impacts of all United States free trade agreements and the World Trade Organization Agreement,” among other things.

Promise: Lift the restrictions on the production of $50 trillion dollars’ worth of job-producing American energy reserves, including shale, oil, natural gas and clean coal.

Completed? Kind of. Mr Trump has rescinded multiple Obama-era environmental executive orders, including one that prevented coal mining on federal lands and one that precluded mines from dumping waste into waterways. But how much money this plan will generate has yet to be seen, and the $50 trillion estimate appears to be inflated from the original Institute for Energy Research study.

Promise: Lift the Obama-Clinton roadblocks and allow vital energy infrastructure projects, like the Keystone Pipeline, to move forward.

Completed? Yes. Trump greenlighted the Keystone Pipeline in January.

Promise: Cancel billions in payments to UN climate change programmes and use the money to fix America’s water and environmental infrastructure.

Completed? Kind of. Mr Trump’s proposed 2018 budget would eliminate the Global Climate Change Initiative and all US funding to the Green Climate Fund. But Congress is the one that controls the purse strings, and they generally view the President's budget simply as a starting point.
Promise: Cancel every unconstitutional executive action, memorandum and order issued by President Obama.

Completed? Who knows. It’s impossible to know now which orders, actions and memorandum Mr Trump considered “unconstitutional”. Mr Trump has rolled back a small fraction of Mr Obama’s 276 executive orders and 257 memoranda, including those on international abortions, historically black colleges and universities, and the aforementioned orders on climate change.

Promise: Begin the process of selecting a replacement for Justice Scalia from one of the 20 judges on my list.

Completed? Yes. The Senate confirmed Judge Neil Gorsuch as a Supreme Court Justice on 7 April. Mr Gorsuch was on the list of potential nominees Mr Trump released before the election.

Promise: Suspend immigration from terror-prone regions where vetting cannot safely occur.

Completed? No. Mr Trump’s executive order banning immigration from seven Muslim-majority countries was blocked by two separate federal judges. The revised order is currently subject to a temporary restraining order issued by a federal judge in Hawaii.

Promise: Cancel all federal funding to sanctuary cities.

Completed? No. Mr Trump’s order barring funding to cities that do not cooperate with federal immigration enforcement authorities was blocked by a federal judge. Attorney General Jeff Sessions said the Justice Department will continue to litigate the case.

Promise: Begin removing the more than 2 million criminal illegal immigrants from the country and cancel visas to foreign countries that won’t take them back.

Completed? Sort of. Deportations can take months to complete, so it’s difficult to say exactly how many people Mr Trump has deported. Immigration arrests did increase in Mr Trump’s first weeks in office, by more than 30 per cent. But that included a two-fold increase in arrests of undocumented immigrants without a criminal record, too.

Promise: Introduce the Middle Class Tax Relief And Simplification Act, with “massive tax reduction and simplification”.

Completed? No. Mr Trump revealed a one-page outline of proposed tax reforms on 26 April. Mr Trump’s chief economic adviser called the proposal a “broad brush view” of what the final legislation will be.

Promise: Introduce the End The Offshoring Act, which would impose tariffs to “discourage companies from laying off their workers in order to relocate in other countries and ship their products back to the U.S. tax-free”.

Completed? No.

Promise: Introduce the American Energy & Infrastructure Act, a 10-year plan to spur infrastructure development through public-private partnerships and private investments.

Completed? No.

Promise: Introduce the School Choice And Education Opportunity Act to end common core, expand vocational and technical education, make two- and four-year colleges more affordable, and let parents send their children to the school of their choosing.

Completed? No. A similar bill, introduced by Representative Andy Biggs, is currently in committee. Mr Trump has not expressed his support for the legislation.

Promise: Introduce the Repeal and Replace Obamacare Act.

Completed? Yes, but... While Mr Trump did work with House Republicans on a plan to repeal and replace Obamacare, he wound up asking for it to be pulled from a vote after hardline conservatives withheld their support. It was one of the biggest blows to Mr Trump’s legislative agenda yet.

Promise: Introduce the Affordable Childcare and Eldercare Act, allowing families to deduct childcare and elder care from their taxes, incentivising employers to provide on-site childcare, and creating tax-free Dependent Care Savings Accounts for young and elderly dependents.

Completed? No.

Promise: Introduce the End Illegal Immigration Act to fund the construction of a Mexican border wall, “with the full understanding that the country Mexico will be reimbursing the United States for the full cost of such wall”.

Completed? No. Mr Trump has not introduced such an act, and funding for the wall will likely not be included in the 2017 budget.

Promise: Introduce the Restoring Community Safety Act, creating a Task Force On Violent Crime and increasing funding for federal law enforcement agencies, federal prosecutors, and programmes that train and assist local police.

Completed? No.

Promise: Introduce the Restoring National Security Act to eliminate the defence sequester and expand military investment; give veterans the ability to attend the private doctor of their choice, and establish new screening procedures for immigration.

Completed? No.

Promise: Introduce the Clean up Corruption in Washington Act to enact new ethics reforms and reduce the influence of special interests on politics.

Completed: No. Mr Trump has not endorsed any of the various ethics bills introduced to Congress.

Emily Shugerman New York http://www.independent.co.uk

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