Items filtered by date: Tuesday, 09 May 2017

DOJ probes Janet’s VIP treatment in surrender

MANILA, Philippines - As it sets a reinvestigation on the Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) scam with Janet Lim-Napoles as a possible state witness, a puzzled Department of Justice (DOJ) hopes to figure out why the businesswoman went straight to Malacañang upon surrendering at the peak of the controversy in the previous administration.

Justice Secretary Vitaliano Aguirre II recalled that when Napoles, tagged as brains of the PDAF scam, surrendered in August 2013, she was reportedly accompanied by then-president Benigno Aquino III and then-interior secretary Mar Roxas to the Philippine National Police headquarters at Camp Crame.

“I think this is already documented and not denied,” Aguirre pointed out when asked if officials of the previous administration would be covered by the DOJ probe.

The DOJ chief, however, clarified that he was not implying the guilt of those who accompanied Napoles.

“You can say that high-ranking people are involved here,” he stressed.

He also asked why only three former senators – Juan Ponce Enrile, Ramon Revilla Jr. and Jinggoy Estrada – were indicted before the Sandiganbayan when Napoles implicated about a dozen incumbent and former senators and over a hundred congressmen in the list she submitted to then-justice secretary and now detained Sen. Leila de Lima.

Headlines ( Article MRec ), pagematch: 1, sectionmatch: 1

He believes the investigation conducted by the previous administration on the pork barrel controversy was “selective” and a “miscarriage of justice.”

“If you will recall during the time of secretary de Lima, she said more than three times that they are going to come out with additional respondents, but it did not happen,” Aguirre said.

“There were a number of people who were accused of PDAF misuse, but only three were charged. There should be more people charged back then,” he further lamented.

Aguirre said the reinvestigation could start with the “Napolist” earlier submitted by Napoles.

He also revealed that he would meet with lawyers of Napoles to discuss her submission of a new affidavit on the PDAF scam, adding that he has discussed the matter with former Manila councilor Greco Belgica, an anti-pork barrel advocate who petitioned the Supreme Court to stop the PDAF during the previous administration.

“If that list is true, then we could go by it. But that list is not really needed, as long as she could prove her accusations and provide supporting evidence,” he explained.

Asked if Napoles could qualify as state witness in the possible cases that could emanate from the reinvestigation, Aguirre stressed that it would depend on what she has to say.

The DOJ chief said that while several camps are pushing for Napoles to be state witness, she would have to meet the qualifications set by law – that she should not be the most guilty of the crime and that her testimony must be indispensable for the cases to stand.

He said he could only make an assessment of her eligibility once he reads her sworn statement.

In cases of plunder or corruption involving a government official and a private individual, the former is considered the most guilty per ruling of the SC, according to Aguirre “because he is taking advantage of his public position.”

No more appeal

In the same forum, Aguirre said that government prosecutors will no longer appeal before the Court of Appeals (CA) the acquittal of Napoles in the serious illegal detention case involving pork barrel scam whistleblower Benhur Luy, thus making the decision final.

The rule against double jeopardy also prohibits the prosecution of Napoles for the same offense.

Aguirre said he agrees with the move of Solicitor General Jose Calida to support the plea of Napoles for reversal of her conviction by the Makati City regional trial court.

“If the solicitor general did not see basis for the prosecution, he’s right to move for the dismissal of the case. It has basis because it was proven that the liberty of Mr. Luy was not fully restrained,” he stressed.

“Given the evidence, I think the case for illegal detention will not prosper,” Aguirre pointed out.

The DOJ chief also defended Calida’s action, saying it is within his mandate.

Lawmakers escaped prosecution

Meanwhile, Sen. Panfilo Lacson believes some lawmakers involved in the pork barrel scam have escaped prosecution during the Aquino administration.

Lacson disclosed that Napoles’ husband and son approached him a few years ago when he was involved in the Yolanda rehabilitation program and showed him a list of senators and congressmen allegedly involved in the multibillion-peso scam.

The senator, however, declined to name those he saw on the list.

“My worry is when Mrs. Napoles starts pointing fingers, maybe the quorum will move to Camp Crame – not in the Senate or not in the House anymore –and we’ll have our roll call there,” Lacson told reporters. – With Paolo Romero


3D-printed 'bionic skin' could give robots the sense of touch

Engineering researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed a revolutionary process for 3D printing stretchable electronic sensory devices that could give robots the ability to feel their environment. The discovery is also a major step forward in printing electronics on real human skin.

The research will be published in the next issue of Advanced Materials and is currently online.

"This stretchable electronic fabric we developed has many practical uses," said Michael McAlpine, a University of Minnesota mechanical engineering associate professor and lead researcher on the study. "Putting this type of 'bionic skin' on surgical robots would give surgeons the ability to actually feel during minimally invasive surgeries, which would make surgery easier instead of just using cameras like they do now. These sensors could also make it easier for other robots to walk and interact with their environment."

McAlpine, who gained international acclaim in 2013 for integrating electronics and novel 3D-printed nanomaterials to create a "bionic ear," says this new discovery could also be used to print electronics on real human skin. This ultimate wearable technology could eventually be used for health monitoring or by soldiers in the field to detect dangerous chemicals or explosives.

"While we haven't printed on human skin yet, we were able to print on the curved surface of a model hand using our technique," McAlpine said. "We also interfaced a printed device with the skin and were surprised that the device was so sensitive that it could detect your pulse in real time."

McAlpine and his team made the unique sensing fabric with a one-of-a kind 3D printer they built in the lab. The multifunctional printer has four nozzles to print the various specialized "inks" that make up the layers of the device -- a base layer of silicone, top and bottom electrodes made of a conducting ink, a coil-shaped pressure sensor, and a sacrificial layer that holds the top layer in place while it sets. The supporting sacrificial layer is later washed away in the final manufacturing process.

Surprisingly, all of the layers of "inks" used in the flexible sensors can set at room temperature. Conventional 3D printing using liquid plastic is too hot and too rigid to use on the skin. These flexible 3D printed sensors can stretch up to three times their original size.

"This is a completely new way to approach 3D printing of electronics," McAlpine said. "We have a multifunctional printer that can print several layers to make these flexible sensory devices. This could take us into so many directions from health monitoring to energy harvesting to chemical sensing."

Researchers say the best part of the discovery is that the manufacturing is built into the process.

"With most research, you discover something and then it needs to be scaled up. Sometimes it could be years before it ready for use," McAlpine said. "This time, the manufacturing is built right into the process so it is ready to go now."

The researchers say the next step is to move toward semiconductor inks and printing on a real body.

"The possibilities for the future are endless," McAlpine said.

In addition to McAlpine, the research team includes University of Minnesota Department of Mechanical Engineering graduate students Shuang-Zhuang Guo, Kaiyan Qiu, Fanben Meng, and Sung Hyun Park.

The research was funded by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering of the National Institutes of Health (Award No. 1DP2EB020537). The researchers used facilities at the University of Minnesota Characterization Facility and Polymer Characterization Facility for testing.

Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

  • Published in Tech

Pastor throws naked woman on fire during exorcism; victim dies

MANAGUA, Nicaragua — A pastor and several followers were sentenced on Tuesday to 30 years in prison for a fatal exorcism in a remote part of Nicaragua in which a woman was thrown naked onto a fire.
Pastor Juan Rocha, 23, and four others received the maximum 30-year term for murdering the victim, 25-year-old mother-of-two Vilma Trujillo. He and three of the followers also received six years for the woman’s illegal detention.
The five accused had testified during their trial that they believed Trujillo had been possessed by the devil, but denied killing her.

From February 15 to 21, Trujillo was kept tied up without food or water in the chapel of the evangelical church Rocha ran in the northwestern village of El Cortezal, witnesses said.
Then she was thrown naked onto a burning pile of wood. Rescued hours later by relatives, she died after a week in a Managua hospital with severe burns.
“The suffering that Trujillo was subjected to is something no human being should go through,” sentencing judge Alfredo Silva said.
He added that the killing was premeditated and an abuse of the trust Trujillo had placed in the convicted men.
Rocha and his four followers — his brothers Tomasa Rocha and Pedro Rocha, and Franklin Jarquin and Esneyda Orozco — were convicted of murder in a trial that ended a week ago.
All but Orozco were also found guilty of illegal detention.
The court additionally fined the men $522 each — a substantial sum in Nicaragua, where the average salary is less than $400 per month.
None of the men showed any reaction as the sentences were read out.

Their lawyers said they would lodge an appeal to try to have the prison terms shortened. The conviction, delivered by a jury, cannot be appealed under Nicaraguan law.
Rocha belongs to a religious group known as the Assemblies of God. Its leaders distanced themselves from him, saying he was not a designated preacher for their church. CBB


  • Published in World

Cybersex den busted


Cybersex den busted


MABALACAT, PAMPANGA—The suspected pedophile could see people banging on his front door. But were they neighbors? Cops?

One had letters on her jacket.

As David Timothy Deakin googled “What is NBI?” from the laptop on his bed, National Bureau of Investigation agents smashed their way into his cybersex den.

Children’s underwear, toddler shoes, cameras, bondage cuffs, meth pipes and stacks of hard drives cluttered the stuffy, two-bedroom town house.

Penciled on the wall, someone had scrawled “My Mom and Dad love me.”

On his computer were videos and images of young boys and girls engaged in sex acts.

“Why is everyone asking about children coming into my house?” said Deakin, 53, bare-chested and slick with sweat, his breath sour and glasses foggy, his wrists bound with a zip tie.

Webcam sex tourism

Deakin’s arrest on April 20 shows one of the darkest corners of the internet, where pedophiles in the United States, Europe and elsewhere pay facilitators in the Philippines to sexually abuse children, even babies, directing their moves through online livestreaming services.

This relatively new crime, webcam sex tourism, is spreading rapidly.

The United Nations describes “alarming growth of new forms of child sexual exploitation online.”

The FBI says it’s epidemic, and that at any given moment, 750,000 child predators are online.


Almost every case stems from the Philippines, where good English speakers, increased internet connections and widespread international cash transfer systems combine with widespread poverty and easy access to vulnerable kids.

There have been as many as three busts a week in the Philippines this spring. The youngest victim ever, rescued a few weeks ago, was an infant, 2 months old. Most are under 12.

SUSPECTED PEDOPHILE ARRESTED American David Timothy Deakin, a suspected child webcam cybersex operator, is caught during an NBI raid in Mabalacat, Pampanga province. —AP

SUSPECTED PEDOPHILE ARRESTED American David Timothy Deakin, a suspected child webcam cybersex operator, is caught during an NBI raid in Mabalacat, Pampanga province. —AP

‘We will put them in jail’

This spring The Associated Press (AP) watched a raid, rescue and launch of a major investigation that continues to play out on both sides of the world.

“This should serve as a warning,” said NBI antihuman trafficking chief Janet Francisco, who led the case. “We will really put them in jail and they will die in jail.”

Even as police burst in, Deakin was streaming illicit content through the anonymous Tor network.

Agents said he had a webpage open to wipe his phone clean.

They tied him up with an iPhone charging cord before he could hit the button.

AP and investigators asked him repeatedly why he had the obscene images stored on his computer.

“There was no children in front of the cam in my house, not even dressed, as far as I know, not even with their frigging mothers as far as I know,” he said.

But he said the images and videos might have slipped in when he downloaded massive files using BitTorrent, a data tool used legitimately by academics and artists, but also by child pornographers.

FBI agents looking for abusers search BitTorrent to spot people sharing exploitative images.

Deakin’s background

Deakin said he grew up in Peoria, Illinois, in a splintered family.

He was licensed as a roofing contractor in his 30s, seasonal work that left winters free; he used the time to study computers.

He moved to the Philippines in 2000 for a job setting up internet service providers and installing Blackmagic livestreaming production programs.

In recent years, Deakin said, he earned $30 an hour as a systems administrator.

But his home was filled with junk, his refrigerator near empty. Stacks of used egg cartons fell from the shelves, and a half-eaten pot of cold rice sat on the stove.

“You know what you’ve done in this room,” an investigator told Deakin.

She showed him a photo of several children.

Shrugging, he said one of them was probably a few doors away with her cousin.

Minutes later, two girls, 9 and 11 years old, were rescued by police.

AP did not interview the girls Deakin told police about; victims of such raids need immediate and long-term counseling and care.

Cybersex model

But in the tranquil garden of a shelter for sexual exploitation survivors 96 kilometers south of Deakin’s town house, 19-year-old Cassie described her ordeal. AP did not use her whole name to protect her privacy.

The youngest daughter in an impoverished family, Cassie believed the man who came to her village promising a better life if she’d go to the city with him. She was 12.

Within months the man bleached her dark skin, straightened her hair, and began waking her at 4 a.m. to work.

“He needed some girl to show her whole body in front of the camera,” she said.

The abuse ended when her older sister found out and went to the police.

Some buyers try to brush off the abuse, saying they’re not directly touching the children.

GOTCHA A suspected cybersex operator, American David Timothy Deakin, is caught by National Bureau of Investigation agents in a house inMabalacat, Pampanga province. The UnitedNations has described as alarming the growth of new forms of child sexual exploitation online. —AP

GOTCHA A suspected cybersex operator, American David Timothy Deakin, is caught by National Bureau of Investigation agents in a house in Mabalacat, Pampanga province. The United Nations has described as alarming the growth of new forms of child sexual exploitation online. —AP

“It’s not just a virtual crime. It is an actual crime,” said human rights lawyer Sam Inocencio, who heads International Justice Mission’s Philippines office, which supports local law enforcement with investigators and lawyers.

“Online sexual exploitation is possibly the most evil thing that I’ve seen,” Inocencio added.

Global attention

In 2013, online sex exploitation of children gained global attention after researchers at the Netherlands-based nonprofit Terre des Hommes launched a realistic-looking animation of a 10-year-old Filipino girl named Sweetie.

They took the fake girl on chat groups and online forums. Pedophiles swarmed.

In 10 weeks, analysts identified 1,000 men in 71 countries who had tried to get illegal images.

The proliferation of crimes, along with new mandatory reporting, led to 8.2 million reports last year to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children’s CyberTipline related to online child sexual exploitation.

That compares with 8.3 million reports in the 17 years prior.

Officials at both ends of the abuse agree they need to collaborate to stop it, and last month the United States committed $3 million.

Deakin’s bust turned out to be one of the largest seizures of its kind in the Philippines.

His Cherry Mobile Touch HD tablet—which can be wiped clean and reset with a four digit code—had more than 4,000 contacts.

One computer had another 13 networked into it, from servers he said were around the world. There were 30 hard drives.

Neighbor Bessie Geronimo was teary-eyed. She’d seen children going in and out. Now, she wondered, could she have intervened?

“Oh, I pity those children,” she said.

Authorities from a village police substation said a housekeeper filed a complaint against Deakin last year: He wasn’t paying her, she said, and she was worried about what he was doing with children in the bedroom with the door closed.

They visited his house but had no authority for a raid.

“There are many such places,” said the security officer, Mike Wood. —AP


Macron blasts ‘misogyny,’ ‘homophobia’ on comments against his marriage

Emmanuel Macron hit back at critics of his May-December relationship with wife Brigitte Trogneux—who at 64 is 25 years his senior.

In an interview with French newspaper Le Parisien, the new French President cited a culture of misogyny, homophobia and “traditional, homogenous” views as the mindset underlying in comments against his unorthodox marriage, the Independent reports.

“If I had been 20 years older than my wife, nobody would have thought for a single second that I couldn’t be [an intimate partner],” said Macron.

To those who spread rumours questioning his sexuality, he cited that people who fabricated this had “a big problem with homosexuality.” He claimed that rumor mongers had “lost their sense of reality” in thinking that being gay was a “stain” or a “hidden disease.”

The 39-year-old politician lamented that “there is a big problem with the presentation of society and [how they see] the place of women,” and that rumors were most damaging to those closest to him.

Macron and his wife met when he was her theater teacher in high school. He was only 15 and she was 40, and they fell in love as they rewrote a script for a school play. Trogneux was already married with three kids.

He declared that he would marry her at age 17, but his parents kept the pair apart. Eventually, Trogneux would get a divorce and the couple married in 2007. While they have no children, their family includes Trogneux’s children from her first marriage and seven grandchildren who openly accepted Macron.

Meanwhile, women who voted for Macron viewed his marriage as favorable, considering that it broke gender stereotypes in a society that accepts relationships between men who are much older than women. Macron is also known to speak on gender issues such as wage inequality. Niña V. Guno/KI 


  • Published in World

DENR chief Cimatu vows to protect environment, safeguard mining laws

Newly appointed Environment Secretary Roy Cimatu on Wednesday pledged to protect the environment and safeguard mining laws, but asked for more time to study his new responsibilities as head of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).

As chief of staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines in the past, Cimatu said he remembered his role was to to protect the people and the land. Then, when he was designated by President Rodrigo Duterte as special envoy to overseas Filipino worker-refugees, his role was to protect the OFWs.

"My third 'P' as secretary of the DENR is to protect the environment and safeguard the mining laws that they should be implemented," Cimatu said in his remarks during the turnover ceremony of the DENR leadership in Quezon City.

He took over the helm of DENR from former Environment Secretary-designate Gina Lopez who was rejected by the bicameral Commission on Appointments

Cimatu noted his new job is far from his background and experience as a ranking military officer, and he asked that he be given enough time to learn how he can do his job properly.

"Please, excuse me if I may ask to be given time to scan and study the terrain," he said.

On the sidelines of the turnover rites, Cimatu doused speculations that he will serve to the interest of mining companies. "I will see to it what is in the law is followed," he said.

Cimatu addressed the employees of the DENR and asked them to work as a team.

"Please help me learn the ropes and earn your respect. We are all in this together," he said. — VDS, GMA News


Genius Fil-Brit student rejected from UK school

A young Filipina in the United Kingdom whose IQ is said to be higher than Einstein's was denied placement by a grammar school due to "over-subscription," reports said.

report on Milton Keynes Citizen said Mia Golosino, 11, was refused her first choice of secondary school, Aylesbury High grammar school, even after her parents arranged for her to take a test that revealed her genius IQ level of 162.

The genius benchmark IQ is set at 140.

Based on a letter provided to Metro, Golosino was told that she placed in the top one percent of scores required for membership with British Mensa, a local counterpart of the largest and oldest IQ society in the world.

Golosino, who is also a swimmer and a ballet dancer, accepted an offer from the Royal Latin School in Buckingham instead.

Her parents, Jose and Mary, who moved to England from the Philippines 10 years ago, shared their daughter's story to the media to "inspire other families whose kids did not get into their preferred school."

Golosino joins the ranks of genius kids who have supposedly outranked both celebrated physicists Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking in terms of pure IQ.

British-Indian children Rajgauri Pawar, Kashmea Wahi, Anushka Binoy, and Aum Amin have snagged headlines in the past for also having the IQ of 162, above Einstein and Hawkin's supposed score of 160. Rie Takumi/KBK, GMA News

  • Published in Media

Giant cephalopod caught in Maguindanao

Fishermen in Datu Blah Sinsuat , Maguindanao, caught what looks to be a giant cuttlefish last Sunday, May 7.

Facebook user Lhei Maningula shared photos of the freshly-caught creature, which she said weighed 8.5 kilos.

Marine biologist Jose Christopher Mendoza told GMA News Online that it is likely a Sepia pharaonis cuttlefish,  judging from its size and color in the photographs.

Mendoza said that cuttlefish live in shallow waters and that their presence points to a thriving ecosystem.

"I'm happy that (they found it) there. It's a good indicator of reef health," he said.

"Sepia are shallow water reef cephalopods. (On the other hand) squid that big tend to be found in deep ocean water," Mendoza explained.

Squid and cuttlefish both belong to the cephalopod class of marine animals, which also inlcudes octopuses.

Cuttlefish have more rigid bodies than their squid and octopus cousins because of an internal shell called the cuttlebone.

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Sepia pharaonis has a very wide geographic distribution and has been found as far as Yemen, Hong Kong, and Thailand.

It has yet to be determined if the species is threatened or in danger of extinction.

A report on GMA News TV's Unang Balita said that the specimen caught off Maguindanao was brought to the nearby town of Lebak, Sultan Kudarat, where it was quickly snapped up by local fishmongers at a price of P100 per kilo. — GMA News


US: No pressure on Philippines to push back vs China

MANILA, Philippines — Washington will not put pressure on the Philippines to try to push back against China in connection with the South China Sea dispute, the US Department of State said.
Patrick Murphy, US Deputy Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, stressed that State Secretary Rex Tillerson wants cooperation and collaboration in addressing the North Korea and South China Sea issues.

President Rodrigo Duterte has refused to use the ruling of an international arbitral tribunal on the South China Sea in pressuring China.

In a telephonic press conference last week, Murphy said that the US took note of the arbitration ruling issued last year and consistently notes that it is a binding ruling between the Philippines and China.

"But there is a much bigger story here, and that is bringing about a solution to the disputes that applies to all of the claimants and then the rest of the international community that has the rights and the needs to access the South China Sea area," Murphy told members of the press.

Murphy noted that the South China Sea dispute was one of the main issues discussed during the meeting between Tillerson and his Southeast Asian counterparts last week.

The US official noted that Washington and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) share common objectives in wanting the air and maritime transit through the South China Sea to be free and open in accordance with international law.

"He gave his counterparts and Southeast Asia assurances that they could count on the US to assert our rights for the benefit of unimpeded commerce and trade and regional and global security and peace. In accordance with international law, we will assert those rights," Murphy said.

Tillerson also assured his ASEAN counterparts that the US strongly encourages all relevant parties to stop any activities associated with militarizing, constructing or reclaiming land in the disputed areas.

"He thought that it would be beneficial for all if such activities of militarization, construction, and reclamation would stop. Let’s ensure that the environment is conducive for good talks to find a solution," Murphy said.

Murphy further noted that the US is not a claimant in the South China Sea but an interested party seeking to enjoy unimpeded travel and transit for purposes of navigation, overflight and commerce.

Washington believes that the South China Sea dispute could be resolved through dialogue, according to Murphy.

"Dialogue is important as long as it is inclusive and adheres to the principles of a rules-based order," the deputy assistant secretary said.

Murphy reiterated that Washington does not want to put pressure due to a common understanding of the need for navigation, overflight and for commerce.

"It’s a complicated issue, and I think ASEAN is itself a very good example of that. There are claimants, there are non-claimants… The good news is that ASEAN has demonstrated unity on this issue in the past and ASEAN leaders themselves have referred to the Sunnylands Principles which deal with things like militarization, and reclamation, and construction," Murphy said.

As an interested party, the US encouraged China and the ASEAN to conduct a dialogue that would result in a binding agreement that would apply to all countries.

During the conclusion of the 30th ASEAN Leaders' Summit in Manila a few weeks ago, Duterte said that the 10-member regional bloc will push through with the enactment of a code of conduct on the South China Sea within the first half of the year.

The ASEAN, under Philippine chairmanship this year, did not mention any single reference of the arbitral ruling issued by a United Nations-backed tribunal in its final statement.

By Patricia Lourdes Viray (


4 Makati cops nabbed after threatening to kill entire family

Four Makati City policemen were arrested on Tuesday night for allegedly threatening to kill an entire family and extorting money from them.
The Philippine National Police (PNP) identified the four policemen as Police Officers 2 Harley Garcera and Clarence Maynes and Police Officers 1 Tim Santos and Jeffrey Caniete.
The PNP's Counter-Intelligence Task Force (CITF), which was recently formed to go after police scalawags, said the four policemen were arrested in an entrapment operation in Pasay City around 11 p.m. Tuesday.
It said that the four policemen forcibly took the complainants, whose identities were not disclosed by the CITF, from a bike shop in Pasay City "without any reason at all."
"Complainants were released after paying the initial of P100,000 with the agreement to give another P100,000 today else their family will all be killed," the CITF report said.
The four policemen are detained at the CITF's headquarters in Camp Crame. Criminal and administrative charges are being prepared against them.
The PNP has relieved the Makati City Police Station's chief and its intelligence division head due to "command responsibility."
In another operation, CITF personnel also arrested Police Officer 1 Efren Guitering of the Manila Police District's Station 6 for attempting to extort money from a drug suspect.
Guitering was arrested in an entrapment operation in San Andres Bukid in Manila around 5:15 p.m.
The suspect allegedly asked P50,000 from a person arrested for alleged possession of illegal drugs on the same day.
In a press conference, CITF commander Senior Superintendent Jose Chiquito Malayo said follow-up operations are ongoing for the arrest of the four Makati policemen's cohorts.
Malayo said the Makati cops' cohorts include an active policeman, a retired cop and two civilians.
He declined to provide more details on the four suspects. —ALG, GMA News

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