Items filtered by date: Saturday, 05 August 2017

Mendez gets lift from crowd to finish 2nd in Cebu Ironman

Mauricio Mendez. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/

LAPU-LAPU CITY — Mauricio Mendez has heard all the talks about how great the feeling is racing in the Philippines as he prepared for his first triathlon in the country.
But the Mexican wasn’t prepared for the warmth the Cebuano crowd gave him, expressing his gratitude with the lift from the spectators as he found his second wind late in the 2017 Cobra Energy Drink Ironman 70.3 Philippines on Sunday.
“That race was really hard. But I think what makes it great is really the support of the people. All the support from everyone is just incredible,” the 22-year-old said. “I was told it was a lot of fun here, but I never expected that. It just pumped me up.”
It was a complete 180-degree shift for Mendez, who usually doesn’t pay much attention to his surroundings whenever he races.
“When I start running, I try to lose myself a little bit and just focus on the race. I knew it was more of like a survival because it was very hot,” he said.
The 2016 Xterra world champion couldn’t help but soak in all the cheers as he battled through the scorching heat with the crowd giving him the much-needed boost that helped him recover from his slow showing in the bike course before eventually, moving past the chase group to get to as high as second place.
“I’m just happy for being able to thank all the people that supported the race. In the first kilometer, I just wanted to finish because I really thought that this is going to be a long race. But I gave my heart and I expected to do well. I’m just happy for the result,” he said.
With the morale-boosting stint, Mendez vowed to be back next year for the 2018 Asia Pacific Championships as he hopes to get another chance to race in front of the adoring Cebuanos.
“I’m really looking forward to coming back here next year, train harder, try to get a win, and just be the best person that I can be,” he said. “I will be back. I’ll try to win this race and I will try everything I can to be here.”

  • Published in Sports

Probers still have no witnesses in shooting of Ozamiz mayor

The late Ozamiz Mayor Reynaldo Parojinog Sr. (Photo from his Facebook account)

ILIGAN CITY – The Internal Affairs Service of the Northern Mindanao Police Office (IAS-NMPO) has not yet found any potential witness to the bloody July 30 raid in Ozamiz City that killed 16 people, including Mayor Reynaldo Parojinog Jr. and his wife, Susan.
Senior Supt. Gerry Galvan, the IAS NMPO chief, said investigators had sought potential witnesses during the initial probe last week. But nobody had come forward to share any statement.
Earlier, a survivor and a relative of the Parojinogs said in TV interviews there was no exchange of gunfire as the police just barged in and started shooting everyone inside the mayor’s house.

“It was a massacre. There were no exchanges of fire. We did not even hear fire exchanges,” a neighbor of the mayor said in an interview with UNTV the day after the raid.
A Parojinog relative also told another TV crew that the family interviewed an alias Cesar, who also claimed that there had been no shootout.

The relative, identified as a Nimfa, said Cesar told them Parojinog’s brother, Misamis Occidental Board Member Octavio, was shot dead while trying to shield the mayor.
Nimfa said police officers also tossed grenades on the mayor’s house.
Chief Insp. Jovie Espenido, chief of the Ozamiz City Police Station, later said a grenade exploded as a Parojinog bodyguard tried to lob it at the approaching police officers.
He said, when things cleared, one of those killed still had the pin of the grenade around his middle finger.
He insisted that what happened was a firefight and that the police officers did not want any of the Parojinogs dead.
The other people killed on July 30 included Mona Parojinog, Edwin Rusiana, Corlito Ayaay, Lydia Millanar, an alias Lando, an alias Iting, Eldred Requiron, Nestor Cabalan, Miguel de la Victoria, Daniel Vasquez, Ryan Requera, and Jennirey Manon.

Another casualty, Daryl Parojinog, was initially injured and later died.
“We wanted them alive and show the people how they are being subjected to the grind of justice,” Espenido told the Inquirer. “It is better to have them in prison and await the reckoning of the law.”
Dir. Gen. Ronald dela Rosa, chief of the Philippine National Police (PNP), also said there was heavy resistance and that the policemen could not do anything but defend themselves.
“It is a firefight. There is distance. There is darkness. Practically you wouldn’t distinguish the enemy during that time,” he said.
Citing a report of the Scene of Crime Operatives (Soco), police said Parojinog and seven others tested positive for power burns, which indicated that they indeed fired guns during the raid.
“It will show us the firearms that were recovered in the premises were used,” Chief Supt. Dionardo Carlos, PNP spokesperson, told reporters in Manila on Thursday. “There was a gun battle, there was an exchange of gunfire and [it] will reinforce [the claim of the police] there was a shootout.”
Vice Mayor Nova Parojinog also denied his father owned a gun.
According to Galvan, police conducted on Thursday an inspection at the mayor’s house and interviewed neighbors.
“No one was able to witness the shootout because people were either asleep or were unable to see anything because it was dark from the blackout,” he told reporters in Cagayan de Oro City.
Galvan said they have had asked a councilor to help them find witnesses too.
“Our office is open for their testimony,” he added.
Galvan said the internal investigation would continue next week, which would probably be finished within 20 days from Thursday. /atm



Culture, arts education, projects get P300M funding from Ched

Commission on Higher Education (Ched) chief Patricia Licuanan. PHOTO FROM CHED’S FACEBOOK ACCOUNT

The Commission on Higher Education (Ched) announced on Tuesday that it will provide P300 million financial grant to higher education institutions (HEIs) for creative projects designed to mainstream cultural education and appreciation in higher education.
Ched Chair Patricia Licuanan said the “Salikha” creative grant, in cooperation with the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), marks the first time the Commission is offering grants exclusively to the development of Philippine culture and the arts in higher education.
“We are making unprecedented investments in the creative capabilities of our faculty to improve instruction and learning in the arts, culture, humanities, and social sciences. By enhancing content and pedagogy, we hope to deepen cultural knowledge and nurture pride in showcasing the unique Filipino identity,” Licuanan said in a statement.
The “Salikha” creative grants are open to HEIs with teaching and non-teaching staff affected by the K to 12 program implementation, as part of Ched’s role to provide financial support and capability development during the transition period.
Creative outputs, according to Ched, can be in the form of arts research, architecture, cinema, dance, dramatic arts, literary arts, music, visual arts, and creative industries, among others.

The total grant per approved project may vary from P500,000 to P10 million, depending on the type and scale of the project, as well as the capability of the institutions to implement it. The outputs produced must also be commensurate to the size of grant provided, the Commission said.
Licuanan added that the project is in line with President Rodrigo Duterte’s national road map to promote the creative arts and utilize higher education as a force for social and cultural transformation, as stated under the Philippine Development Plan 2017 to 2022.
“Through Salikha, it is our hope that we inspire more members of the academe to engage in research of creative work and further promote our rich and diverse culture. And we cannot be more thankful to our partners in NCCA for helping us towards this end,” the chairperson said. IDL


East Bay Regional Park district board takes action supporting CA's National Monuments

On Wednesday, July 5, 2017, the East Bay Regional Park District Board of Directors took action to support California’s national monuments. The Board voted unanimously to adopt a resolution outlining their support for protected national monuments and urging President Trump to honor all designated national monuments.
On April 26, 2017, President Trump issued an Executive Order calling for a review of all national monuments designated since 1996 which are over 100,000 acres. The executive order applies to six California monuments: Berryessa Snow Mountain (Napa, Solano and Yolo counties), Giant Sequoia in the southern Sierra, Carrizo Plain in southern San Joaquin Valley, San Gabriel Mountains northeast of Los Angeles and two desert monuments Sand to Snow and Mojave Trails.
“America’s protected federal public lands and national monuments belong to all Americans,” said East Bay Regional Park District General Manager Robert Doyle. “The East Bay Regional Park District calls on the President to honor and protect the integrity of all national monuments, as have been designated by U.S. Presidents since 1906.”
The Antiquities Act of 1906 authorizes U.S. Presidents to designate as national monuments any historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are located on land owned or controlled by the federal government. Twenty-two such monuments have been designated in California.
“Our nation has a tradition of protecting public lands for the benefit of all Americans,” said Doyle. “California’s designated national monuments help define who we are as Californians and as a nation, and help protects these public lands for future generations.”
National monuments and other federal protected public lands also benefit tourism and economic development – supporting thousands of jobs across California and the country. In California alone, outdoor recreation generates $85 billion in consumer spending annually and supports over 730,000 jobs.


The colors of August

August is a rainy month in the Philippines. Many typhoons pass through the archipelago every year after the start of the rainy season in July.
The month of August is also significant because of the important events that took place during the said month that are a big part of our history.
The rains of August are heaven sent to some, particularly to the rice farmers in the rural countryside who need abundant water supply and irrigation to plant rice. In the cities and urban areas however, there is anxiety when the rains come because of the anticipated floods and heavy traffic particularly in Metro Manila.
In the history of the Philippines, two turning points or events that we can call “game-changers” happened during the month of August.
First, there is the “Cry of Pugadlawin” (also called or referred to as the “Cry of Balintawak”) that took place on August 23, 1896 when the forces of the revolutionary Katipunan led by Andres Bonifacio gathered to declare the Filipino people’s war of resistance against Spanish colonialism. Bonifacio and his followers tore their “cedulas” (residence certificates) and vowed to fight for the freedom and independence.
Almost three years after that historic cry in Pugadlawin, on January 23, 1899, the First Philippine Republic was established under the leadership and presidency of General Emilio F. Aguinaldo in Malolos, Bulacan.
Let’s now fast forward to 1983 for the second game-changing event. On August 21, 1983, Sen. Benigno Aquino Jr. who was the leading opposition leader against the Marcos Regime was gunned down at the airport tarmac in Manila after returning home from the U.S.
Although there was already an underground revolutionary movement and an armed resistance against Marcos led by the Communist Party of the Philippines, Sen. Aquino’s assassination triggered a national uproar that awakened many passive Filipinos to join the fight against the dictatorship.
The resulting battle cry, “Justice for Aquino Justice for All,” represented not only the struggles of the poor and the oppressed working class but also the will of the elite and the upper class to get rid of the Marcos dictatorship. The movement against Marcos also led to the recognition of new heroes who gave up their lives earlier on for the cause of liberation (among them were student leader Edgar Jopson, Macli-ing Dulag of the Cordilleras, Dr. Bobby dela Paz in the Visayas, and many others whose names are now in the Bantayog Ng Mga Bayani).
Almost three years after Sen. Aquino’s assassination, in February 1986, the fight to end the Marcos regime reached its peak when the EDSA People Power Revolution resulted in the ouster of President Ferdinand Marcos who fled to Hawaii with the assistance of the U.S.
Before Sen. Aquino’s assassination, the dominant color of the protest movement against Marcos was “red” following the tradition and colors of the Katipunan and the Communist Party of the Philippines. After of Sen. Aquino’s death, yellow became the dominant color of the above-ground resistance and the street protest movement against Marcos. The inspiration for the yellow color was not revolutionary but a romantic popular song by Tony Orlando (“Tie A Yellow Ribbon/ 'Round The Ole Oak Tree”)---
“I'm comin' home, I've done my time
Now I've got to know what is and isn't mine . . .”

Sen. Aquino’s coming home was seen as a symbol of patriotism or love of country and because hundreds and thousands of yellow ribbons or banners were raised throughout the land, in marches and rallies, in election campaigns, sorties, and other protest venues, “yellow” took the lead over red in 1983 as the color of protest.
Let’s fast forward again this time to the year 2017.
Are the “colors of August” fading through the efforts of new powerful forces in government and social media who are trying to erase and re-define the true meaning and historical significance of these colors in Philippine history?
Let us not forget our historical past including events that took place after Emilio Aguinaldo and his allies from the elite class took over from Andres Bonifacio and betrayed the spirit of the Katipunan and the Cry of Pugadlawin.
Let us not allow the few to spread fake news and untrue information about our history.
Until next week!

Jojo Liangco is an attorney with the Law Offices of Amancio M. Liangco Jr. in San Francisco, California. His practice is in the areas of immigration, family law, personal injury, civil litigation, business law, bankruptcy, DUI cases, criminal defense and traffic court cases. Please send your comments to Jojo Liangco, c/o Law Offices of Amancio "Jojo" Liangco, 605 Market Street, Suite 605, San Francisco, CA 94105. You can also visit Jojo Liangco’s website at


IN LOVING MEMORY Yolanda Nieva Nicasio, devoted to faith, family

The family of Yolanda N. Nicasio announced her peaceful passing into new life on July 19, 2017 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Mrs. Nicasio was born January 26, 1935 to Manuel and Estrella Nieva originally of Lucena, Quezon, in the Philippines, and Portage, Indiana. She was married for 60 years to Macario Nicasio and they had five daughters. The Nicasios immigrated to Canada in the late 1980s to reunite with their daughters.

Since settling down in Vancouver, Mr. and Mrs. Nicasio embraced Couples for Christ, modeling the values and virtues espoused by the movement. A member of the Legion of Mary, Mrs. Nicasio was devoted to serving the community of Corpus Christi Catholic Church. She was a doting grandmother to her many grandchildren and their children.

She was pre-deceased by her loving husband for 60 years, who passed away last year.

Mrs. Nicasio will be greatly missed by her family, friends and those whom she touched through her church activities.
She is survived by her daughters and their families: Maria & Ramon Marfori, Maravilla & Christopher Hughes of Vancouver; Mariam & Paul Torres of Manila; Melita & Ralph Alphonse Soriano of Vancouver, and Ma. Lourdes & Lennon Limcangco of Manila. She left behind numerous grandchildren and great grandchildren, and her siblings: Divinia (Agripino +), Evelyn (Cocoy +), Carina, Elizabeth (Rafael), Rosario (Miguel), Maria (Bernardo), and Romeo (Victoria) in the United States and Canada.
A celebration of Mrs. Nicasio’s life is scheduled for 11 a.m., Saturday, August 5, 2017 at Corpus Christi Catholic Church, 6350 Nanaimo Street, Vancouver B.C. Reverend Terry Bileski will preside. 

The family expressed gratitude for the many acts of kindness shown by relative, friends, and caregivers in thought and deed. Special thanks to the staff, volunteers and most specially, the nurses at the St. John Hospice in Vancouver.


Opening up a New Office? Get an L-1

Question: Can I use an office based in my home and or garage for the L-1?

Answer: No. You must have an 'actual office'. The reality might be that you can run your business from a computer or your garage. However, for Immigration purposes, there must be a brick and mortar office and you must be paying rent.

Question: Do I have to sign a lease? What if I don’t get the L-1 or it is not approved?

Answer: You can do a lease where deposit made and you can make it contingent upon issuance of the visa. Therefore, if denied, you would get the deposit back and you would not have to pay months of rent without ever having the visa.

However, there is the issue of whether or not the landlord would accept this type of lease which is separate and apart from what is acceptable to US Immigration.

Question: Is it difficult to get an L-1 for a new office?

Answer: Yes, the reality is it is somewhat difficult. However, it can certainly be done. If you happen to have the option, however, to get an office that has more than one year of doing business, it would be easier to get approved.

Question: Can you give some pointers to help on the duties?

Answer: Well, one thing you must do is to distinguish between functional manager vs. area manager. Be sure to make clear if you are ‘managing’ the new office whether you are managing a ‘function’ of the office such as ‘all accounting’ or managing all the people in some fashion.

Question: Do I need a business plan?

Answer: Yes, normally you will need a 5 year business plan. However, if the new office is basically a branch of a successful business outside the U.S., you may not need to do the business plan, especially if the same type of business.

Question: What if I have no help in the U.S. to help get it started? How can I get things setup?

Answer: You can come on B1 to get the L-1 started.

Question: When should I say the new company will begin?

Answer: Do not pick a date certain as you will lose valuable time if it is approved afterwards. Pick when the petition is approved.

Question: What if I have had business operations for more than one year?

Answer: Then, you do not file the ‘new office L-1A’. You file a normal L-1A. Be sure to show how foreign company has control over the employee here (the manager or executive) and to show what staff in U.S. will support manager/executive in the U.S.. There is a good case called Matter of ZA -2013 in which you can use OVERSEES staff in determining whether position is managerial in the U.S.


PG&E Survey finds only 1 in 7 customers call free 811 utility marking service ahead of digging projects

San Francisco, CA -- Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) this week announced findings from a recent survey of 1,750 of its customers that shows 811 -- the free service to mark underground utility lines -- is well-known but misunderstood and underused in Northern and Central California. To keep everyone safe when digging, PG&E is urging all of its customers, excavators, first responders and businesses across the state to promote the free service and most importantly, to use the service two business days ahead of any digging projects.

Common misconceptions among customers surveyed include:

Over 50 percent of customers think it's safe to dig up to 12 inches before needing to call 811.All customers and excavators need to call 811 every time they dig, no matter how deep they dig.Almost 20 percent of customers believe it's safe to plant a tree without calling 811.Any time customers plant trees in their yards, they need to call 811 two business days before.Of the customers who have never called 811 before digging, 60 percent felt their project was too small or believed it was already safe where they were digging.

"PG&E is committed to keeping the community safe, but we need the help of our customers and the community to avoid the potential hazards caused by dig-ins. Our recent survey gets to the heart of the safety issue showing that three in four of our customers are aware of the 811 free marking, but only one in seven have ever called 811 before digging. That's not good and it needs to get better. Calling 811 is simple, free and can prevent injuries or even save a life," said PG&E's Jesus Soto, senior vice president of Gas Operations.

"We want to send the message that no digging project is too small, any time a shovel or digging tool strikes the earth, you need to call 811. Whether you're planting a tree, installing a mailbox or performing a large-scale excavation, calling 811 or using the new online tool should always be the first step," said Ryan White, general manager of USA North 811.

Last year, there were more than 1,735 strikes on PG&E's underground infrastructure. Of those dig-ins, more than 55 percent had not called ahead to have underground utility lines properly marked. In 2016, the average cost to those who damaged PG&E's underground utility lines, including fines and repairs, amounted to $7,500.

August 11 is National Safe Digging Day where the importance of calling 811 two business days before digging is recognized across the nation.

About PG&E

Pacific Gas and Electric Company, a subsidiary of PG&E Corporation (NYSE:PCG), is one of the largest combined natural gas and electric energy companies in the United States. Based in San Francisco, with more than 20,000 employees, the company delivers some of the nation?s cleanest energy to nearly 16 million people in Northern and Central California. For more information, visit


Facts and Trivia

How many cells do we have in our body?

The figures often quoted are between 50 to 75 trillion cells. The average life span of the cells is: red blood cells, 120 days; white blood cells, over a year; platelets, ten days; bone cells, 25-30 years; brain cells, lifetime; colon cells, 3-4 days; skin cells, 19-34 days; stomach cells, 2 days; and sperm cells, 2-3 days. Obviously, these cells regenerate under normal conditions.

What is the force of a human bite?

Tightly clenched teeth can generate a force as much as 55 pounds (25 kilos) on the incisors and 200 pounds (90.5 kilos) on the molars. For the molars, a greater force at 268 pounds (122 kilos) has been recorded.

Which is the largest organ in our body?

The skin is the heaviest and largest organ in the human body. The total surface area is 20 square feet or 1.98 square meters for an average individual and 25 square feet or 2.3 square meters for a larger person, and a weight of about 5.6 pounds or 2.7 kilograms. The liver is the second largest organ (1.1 to 1.5 kilos) and serves about 500 functions as the main chemical factory of the human body.

How long is the human intestine?

Our small intestine is about seven meters (22 feet) long, and the large intestine (colon) is about 1.5 meters (5 feet) in length.

How much blood do we have?

A male weighing about 70 kilos (154 pounds) would have about 5.5 quarts or 5.2 liters of blood. A female of about 50 kilos (110 pounds) would have about 3.5 quarts or 3.3 liters. This blood is circulated through blood vessels that stretch to about 60,000 miles (95,500 kilometers), if placed end to end. The largest artery in the body is the aorta, the largest vein, the vena cava.

How fast does human hair grow?

On the average, human hair grows about nine inches each year. It grows faster in the summer because warm weather increases blood circulation to the hair follicles. The finger nails, on the other hand, grow about 0.8 inches (2 centimeters) every year. The middle finger nail grows the quickest. Fingernails grow four times faster than toenails.

What does the term LASER stand for?

The acronym LASER stands for “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. The applications of laser technology is far reaching and wide: micro matching of components and circuit boards for our computers; fiber-optic communications in long distance telephone networks; bar coding scanners; medical diagnostics and therapeutics; desktop printers, color scanners, etc; military target designators, etc.

Why the dimples in golf balls?

Dimples reduce the drag that will slow down the golf ball as it travels (some up to 300 yards or more) by minimizing the eddies or wake effect that drain the ball’s energy and velocity. This is achieved by the air clinging to the dimpled balls longer.

Can human voice break glass?

Yes, this has been proven in several experiments. The amplified high-pitched singing voice of a soprano or a tenor standing about ten feet from a wine glass cracked the glass in less than half a minute. Without amplification, this could conceivably be done with the glass about two feet away. The sheer force of the vibration from the vocal cords does it.

Will a resected heart beat?

Yes, a human or animal heart cut out of the body will continue to beat on its own, until all the stored energy (glucose and derivative enzymes, etc) in the cardiac muscle cells are used up. This is usually within five to eight minutes. The heart is the only organ in the body that has automaticity and rhythmicity, hence it beats automatically and with rhythm even after resection from the body (as in the preparation for heart transplant).

How does icy temperature cause frostbite?

Prolonged exposure to extremely low temperature, mostly during winter in parts of the world where subzero weather is the rule, causes the capillaries (most distal tiny blood vessels), arterioles and venules (small arteries and veins), and regular sized blood vessels to constrict (go into spasm) and shut off the circulation to the toes, fingers, and ears, depriving these parts of the much-needed blood. Frostbites, and even gangrene, are very common. Holding your finger directly against ice for prolonged period can also cause frostbite.

Do our hands have bacteria?

Yes, as a rule, everybody’s hands and fingers, the entire body, are full of “resident” bacteria 24/7. They do not get infected because the intact skin is a tough protective layer that prevents the bacteria from gaining access into the soft tissues and muscles, etc. underneath the dermal shield. Severe abrasion, contusion or cut will allow the bacteria to invade and infect the inner parts of these structures. Washing the hands daily, before and after eating, after using the bathroom or touching money, or any activity that will add more bacteria to our hands and fingers, would minimize the number of bacteria and ward off infection. And the same is true with our mouth, where a lot of bacteria reside. The intact mucus membrane in the mouth, like the intact skin, protects the deeper structures from getting infected.

Do gloves prevent food poisoning?

Food handlers who use gloves properly, Iike surgeons and nurses in the operating room, will definitely prevent bacterial contamination and food poisoning. However, I have observed gloved food handlers in various restaurants and fast food chains in many countries and invariably they break the “sterile code.” All surfaces, especially in the kitchen, are teeming with bacteria, without exception. The proper way to use gloves is to touch ONLY the cooked food items, and not touch the knife, cookware handles and covers, tables, microwave and oven doors, wash cloths, faucet, sink, and all other surfaces, and not scratch or touch their face or body, which are ALL normally full of bacteria. The use of gloves does not guarantee freedom from bacterial contamination. The false security with their use even makes degree or contamination worse. When opportunity comes up, try and observe gloved food handlers in your area. And the use of mask among them, with the nose sticking out, is also wrong.

When was the first shopping mall built?

In 1896, built at Roland Park, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. West Edmonton Mall in Alberta, Canada, is one of the world’s largest, covering 5.2 million square feet (480,000 square meters) on a 121-acres (49 hectares) lot. There are 828 stores and service centers in it, with parking space for 20,000 cars.

How many muscles do we use to smile?

To produce a smile, we use seventeen (17) facial muscles. To frown, we use 40% more muscles, 43. So, let’s exert less effort, use less muscles, and use less energy, by smiling more and having a happier andmore attractive face.



Ins & Outs of Immigration Detention

ICE raids are in the news frequently as the agency ramps up enforcement efforts against aliens who may be removable from the4 United States. Although official publicity emphasizes efforts to round up non-citizens with criminal records, ICE also makes “collateral arrests” of many otherwise law-abiding residents without proper immigration status. A raid that originally targeted one person could result in the arrests of many others who were just in the wrong place at the wrong time. The new enforcement priorities emphasize arrest and removal of anyone not legally authorized to remain in the United States, rather than focusing on people who pose a threat to public safety.
The Trump administration plans to dramatically increase the numbers of people held in ICE detention and ultimately deported, over and above the record high levels reached for both categories during the Obama years. This has led to grave concern among non-citizens and their loved ones throughout the country. Anyone who is out-of-status for any reason (or whose continued status is endangered—for example, by a criminal charge), is vulnerable to arrest and deportation. Those who have already been ordered removed by an immigration judge, and those who have been in the U.S. for less than two years, are likely to go into expedited removal proceedings that could have them deported within days or even hours of their arrest. For most people, however, the legal process takes much longer. In these cases, whether a non-citizen is held in ICE detention or released on bond can make a big difference in their family’s life for months or even years.
While some non-citizens are subject to mandatory detention, a knowledgeable immigration attorney will analyze whether one is entitled to a bond hearing and, if so, pursue that relief to help non-citizens either avoid detention or get released as soon as possible. The goal will be to prove that they do not pose a danger to society and will appear in court for their future hearings. These are the same issues an Immigration Judge will consider at a formal bond hearing on whether to release an alien who is already detained. Even if your loved one is already in custody, an experienced immigration attorney may be able to help secure their release.
The alternatives to detention for which non-citizens may qualify will vary with their current immigration status and the reasons why they are deportable. In almost every case, avoiding detention has important advantages: it keeps the non-citizen’s family together while awaiting their day in court, protects the non-citizen from the physical and psychological hazards of ICE detention, and enables the non-citizen to more effectively help with their defense against removal from the United States.
Most non-citizens held by ICE in California are entitled to a bond hearing after six months in detention. However, if someone is transferred outside the Ninth Federal Judicial Circuit, that protection could be lost. Regularly visiting a detainee may help to keep the person held locally, because it shows ICE that the non-citizen has friends or family in the area. State lawmakers have acted to ensure that, whatever happens with construction and expansion of detention centers at the federal level—and big spending increases for that purpose are planned--California’s ICE detention capacity will not be allowed to grow. This could lead to more Californians being detained out of state. However, the state’s goal is to encourage alternatives to detention for more California residents.
For some detainees, unfortunately, there is no alternative to detention. Federal law requires that non-citizens whose criminal histories meet certain criteria must be detained by ICE pending the outcome of their removal proceedings. These detainees, who may include green card holders as well as other non-citizens, are simply not eligible for release until the final resolution of their case. The courts try to expedite hearing schedules for an alien who is detained, but someone—even someone who has already won a decision in court—could still be held in ICE detention for months or even years without any hope of release until all appeals are exhausted.
People subject to mandatory detention are those who:
Committed certain crimes; and
Were taken into ICE custody when they were released from criminal custody.
Not all crimes which can make an alien deportable also require mandatory detention. It is best to consult a knowledgeable immigration attorney as soon as possible if your loved one is taken into ICE custody, even if you are told there can be no bond because they are subject to mandatory detention.

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