Opinion & Community

He did it again

We all know the saying.
Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on me. For letting you fool me again.But fool me a third time??
What can we say? Houston, we have a problem. A very serious problem.
Yet this is precisely what is happening in our motherland, the Republic of the Philippines, now led by a 72-year-old man whose mental or physical state seems to be deteriorating by the day.
For the third time this year, and for the second time in a span of two weeks, PresidentRodrigo Duterte again disappeared from public view. And just like the first two times, Malacanang could only offer what must be described as the lamest of excuses.
He was not feeling well. He was on a secret mission. He was working away from everyone’s prying eyes.
That third excuse must take the cake, not only because it is something that a president should never, ever do, but also because it opens the door to suspicion and conjecture. The most frequently asked question: What was he really doing in those days he was not seen by anyone, except perhaps his closest family members?
He wasn’t absent for a mere one or two days, either. The previous week, he was nowhere to be found for five days. Then last week, he was incommunicado for six full days.
Why the secrecy, unless he has something to hide?
And please do not tell us that it is Mr. Duterte’s management style. He is, after all, running an entire nation of 100 million, not a sari-sari store with one or two employees. Were he a CEO, he would be the boss of a Top 10 corporation.
Now does this CEO of Philippines, Inc. honestly believe he should be allowed to perform his disappearing acts whenever he chooses?
We think not.
If he does not want to think of himself as a chief executive officer, then he should at least act like a public servant. Because that’s what he is , or is supposed to be.
It is not only his now frequent disappearances that we find extremely disturbing. He is also contradicting himself with unfailing regularity these days. At the start of this week, he said that he was expecting that at the onset, the Marawi crisis would last for an extended period. Meaning weeks, maybe months.
He seems to have forgotten that when the terrorist Maute group first entered the city, he said that the crisis would be over in a matter of days. So which is which, Mr. Duterte?
Too bad he is not the CEO of a private corporation, because if he were he would have to justify his actions every year during the annual stockholders’ meeting. After nearly one year in office, Rodrigo Duterte the president and CEO of the country is getting failing marks.
Has anyone noticed that his war on crime has only resulted in even more violence being perpetrated everywhere? That war was supposedly his flagship program to improve the lot of his countrymen.
So does this CEO deserve another year in office? Or is it time to put him out to pasture and let him disappear completely for good?


Nationals from six countries are subject to Trump travel ban, except those with bona fide ties to U.S. – Supreme Court

On June 26, 2017, the United States Supreme Court, in a per curiam opinion (opinion by the whole court), granted President Donald J. Trump’s petitions for certiorari to review two Court of Appeals orders that had struck down Executive Order No. 13780 (the so-called “travel ban”) which had suspended the entry of nationals from six designated countries for 90 days. Donald J. Trump v. International Refugee Assistance Project, et al.; Donald J. Trump v. Hawaii, et al.  https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/16pdf/16-1436_l6hc.pdf

The Court also granted in part Trump’s applications to stay the injunctions issued by the two Courts of Appeals which had prevented the enforcement of his Executive Orders 13769 and 13780. The Court said “all foreign nationals are subject” to the provisions of Executive Order 13780, except “foreign nationals who have a credible claim of a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States.” For individuals, a close familial relationship is required. For entities, the relationship must be formal, documented, and formed in the ordinary course. Students from the designated countries who have been admitted to the University of Hawaii have such a relationship with an American entity. So too is a worker who accepted an offer of employment from an American company or a lecturer invited to address an American audience.

Groups seeking to evade Executive Order 13780 will not be allowed to do so. For example, a nonprofit group devoted to immigration issues may not contact foreign nationals from the designated countries, add them to client lists, and then secure their entry by claiming injury from their exclusion.

An individ­ual seeking admission as a refugee who can credibly claim a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States will not be barred by Executive Order 13780.

On January 27, 2017, President Donald J. Trump signed Executive Order No. 13769, Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States (EO-1).  EO-1 suspended entry of foreign nationals from seven countries identified as presenting heightened terrorism risks—Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen—for 90 days. Executive officials were instructed to review the adequacy of current practices relating to visa adjudica­tions during this 90-day period.  On March 6, 2017, President Trump issued Executive Order No. 13780 (EO-2) modifying EO-1.  EO–2 directed that entry of nationals from six of the seven countries designated in EO–1—Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen—be “suspended for 90 days from the effective date” of the order.

Section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act [8 USC § 1182(f)] authorizes the President whenever he finds that the entry of any aliens or of any class of aliens into the United States “would be detrimental to the interests of the United States,” to suspend the entry of all aliens or any class of aliens

or impose on the entry of aliens any restrictions he may deem to be appropriate

In International Refugee Assistance Project v. Trump, a U.S. District Court in Maryland - relying on the Establishment Clause—enjoined nationwide enforcement of all of §§ 2 and 6 of EO-2. John Doe # 1, a co-petitioner, had an Iranian wife who was seeking entry into the United States. The injunction was affirmed by the Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit on May 25, 2017, holding that the primary purpose of the ban was religious, in violation of the First Amendment.  The government argued that the Executive Order had a “facially legitimate and bona fide” justification of protecting national security.

In Hawaii v. Trump, a U.S. District Court in Hawaii also enjoined the enforcement of EO-2.  Ismail Elshik, whose Syrian mother in law was seeking entry into the United States, was a co-petitioner. On June 12, 2017, the injunction was affirmed by the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on the ground that EO-2 exceeded the President’s authority because there was no sufficient finding “that the entry of the excluded classes would be detri­mental to the interests of the United States.”

The Government argued that a 90-day pause on entry is necessary to prevent potentially danger­ous individuals from entering the United States while the Executive reviews the adequacy of information provided by foreign governments in connection with visa adjudica­tions.


In a concurring and dissenting opinion by Justice Thomas which was joined by Justices Gorsuch and Alito, he said that the preliminary injunctions issued by the Courts of Appeals should be stayed in full because the government meets the two most critical factors in granting a stay (1) the applicant has made a strong showing that it is likely to succeed on the merits, and (2) the applicant will be irreparably injured absent a stay. He said “I agree with the Court’s implicit conclusion that the Government has made a strong showing that it is likely to succeed on the merits – that is, that the judgments below will be reversed.”

(Atty. Tipon has a Master of Laws degree from Yale Law School where he specialized in Constitutional Law. He has also a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of the Philippines. He placed third in the Philippine Bar Examination in 1956. His current practice focuses on immigration law and criminal defense. He writes law books for the world’s largest law book publishing company and writes legal articles for newspapers. He has a radio show in Honolulu, Hawaii with his son Noel, senior partner of the Bilecki & Tipon law firm, where they discuss legal and political issues. Office: American Savings Bank Tower, 1001 Bishop Street, Suite 2305, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A. 96813. Tel. (808) 225-2645. E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Website: www.bileckilawgroup.com. He was born in Laoag City, Philippines. He served as a U.S. Immigration Officer. He is co-author with former Judge Artemio S. Tipon of the best-seller “Winning by Knowing Your Election Laws” and co-author of “Immigration Law Service, 1st ed.,” an 8-volume practice guide for immigration officers and lawyers. Atty. Tipon has personally experienced the entire immigration cycle by entering the United States on a non-immigrant working visa to write law books, adjusting his status to that of a lawful permanent resident, and becoming a naturalized United States citizen.)


Silent heart attack

Many patients with coronary heart disease have no chest pains or other symptoms indicative of ischemia (diminished blood flow and oxygen to the coronary arteries that supply the muscles of the heart). As such, this silent (asymptomatic) type of ischemia is treacherous and increases the risk of sudden and unexpected death and other cardiac events. Symptoms, in any illness, are the body’s defense alert system, a good warning sign that allows the affected individual time to do something pre-emptive to protect itself and prevent serious complications, like in seeking prompt medical help. Silent ischemia could strike an individual surreptitiously, causing heart attack or even cardiac arrest. These are the sudden deaths we all hear about every now and then, where the victims do not even know or realize the dangerous situation they are in.

The Mechanism

The muscles of the heart require oxygen and nutrition to function properly. These vital ingredients are in the blood which is supplied to these structures by the coronary arteries. If the blood supply is diminished because the coronary arteries are narrowed or blocked by arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries that reduces the luminal diameter of these arteries), the muscles are deprived of vital oxygen and nutrition. As a result, theoretically, angina pectoris (heart pains) ensues. But a significant number of heart patients, even with their coronary arteries narrowed, some of them blocked severely, somehow do not develop chest pains. These are the asymptomatic or silent ischemia patients who could be a walking time bomb.

Why “Silent”?

When there is myocardial ischemia, it is logically expected that the individual will have chest pains, much like lack of blood to the leg will cause “Charlie Horse”-type pains, medically termed claudication (pain and spasm of leg muscles) and even gangrene. The explanation for silent ischemia of the heart muscles (asymptomatic patients) is not fully understood. Some of the theories include: the patient may have a high threshold for pains; the size of the affected muscles in the heart may be small; there may be some collateral circulation to the ischemic area; the ischemia may be of short duration; some persons may have self-denial; the person may have a defective “warning system,” related to some past brain injury, past heart attack (known or unknown), diabetes, past heart bypass or transplantation.


The etiology or cause of narrowing of the arteries is multi-factorial. While heredity plays a role in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis, lifestyle appears to be the major culprit. This includes a high-cholesterol, high-fat, high-carbohydrate, low-fiber diet of red meat, eggs, dairy products, bread, potato, rice, pasta, cakes, and sweets, instead of fish, vegetables, fruits, nuts and grains. The other important factors are smoking, the lack of daily regimented physical exercises, excess body mass index (weight), and poor stress management. Alcohol abuse, inadequate treatment of existing or undiagnosed hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes mellitus are aggravating conditions that hasten the build-up of cholesterol plaques in the inner walls of the arteries that lead to blockages and resultant ischemia.

The Minimum Test

Obviously, the early detection of myocardial ischemia, especially among those asymptomatic (silent) cases, is essential. This can prevent sudden cardiac death. Since many of these persons have no indication whatsoever about the state of their coronary arteries and they all may be feeling “100% healthy,” the only prudent strategy is to do prophylactic (preventive) investigation. Based on medical statistics, the minimum test recommended is a stress electrocardiogram (Stress EKG) for those with chest pains or other symptoms suspicious of coronary heart disease. Those with a strong family history of coronary heart disease or heart attack and/or hypercholesterolemia and diabetes, regardless of age, should also have Stress EKG every 2 to 5 years, depending on the severity of their hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes or hyperthyroidism. For those with none of these illnesses and with no familial history of coronary heart disease, Stress EKG is nonetheless advisable when they are 45 and older, especially for those who smoke, and a mandatory test for pilots and some giant corporate executives. There are other more sophisticated tests available.

The Supreme Court of Heart Tests

To arrive at the final confirmatory diagnosis, a cardiac cath is performed. This is the “court of last resort,” the “supreme court” of heart tests, that will tell us, once and for all, with 100% accuracy, if there are stenoses (blockages) in the coronary arteries or not, how powerful or weak the ventricular contraction is, the integrity of the heart muscles, in segments and as a whole, and if there are any other cardiac abnormalities present, like heart valve disease, etc. If there are coronary artery stenoses present, this angiogram, which is recorded in a video film(movie of the heart in action), will also show which arteries are blocked, how many percent obstruction there is (are) and the exact location of the blockage(s). The findings will also help the cardiologist and the cardiac surgeon make a final decision if heart surgery is needed or not, and if it is, what procedure to do, which arteries to bypass, blocked arteries) will be, the percentage of risk of the surgery, and the prognosis.

Clinical Highlights

Various investigative studies have been done to address this particular issue on silent ischemia, its diagnosis and treatment. To of these trials are the ACIP (Asymptomatic Cardiac Ischemia Pilot) and the ASIST (Atenolol Silent Ischemia Study). The findings are as follows: (1) Silent cardiac ischemia could lead to sudden cardiac death; (2) In the ACIP trial, it has been shown that revascularization, using coronary angioplasty or bypass surgery provided more effective relief of the ischemia than medical (pill) therapy alone; (3) In the ASIST study, those treated with Atenolol showed great reduction of ischemia and the risk of future events compared to those who were given placebo (“sugar” pills, in the controlled group); (4) the prevalence and risk of cardiac events have been much less where ischemia has been treated with revascularization; (5) that risk factor modification (lifestyle and behavioral changes: cessation of smoking, abstinence from red meat and eggs, a diet of fish, vegetables, fruits, nuts and grains, daily exercises), together with aggressive treatment as in numbers 2 and 3 above, reduces or eliminates myocardial ischemia, left ventricular dysfunction, and the incidence of sudden cardiac death. It is obvious that a pre-emptive strike, a prophylactic strategy, on everyone’s part is the only way to beat sudden cardiac death.

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PG&E Begins Daily Aerial Patrols to Spot and Speed Wildfire Response

San Francisco, CA -- Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) has begun daily aerial fire detection patrols across hundreds of miles of its service area. The patrols are to assist the U.S. Forest Service, CAL FIRE and local fire agencies with early fire detection and response this summer. PG&E is launching the patrols this week due to an increase in fire danger from rising temperatures, coupled with the potential for winds. The patrols also will occur in time for the Independence Day holiday with its risk of fires sparked by illegal or misuse of “Safe and Sane” fireworks.

“Even though the drought emergency has been lifted in most California counties, the wet winter resulted in a significant grass crop. That, with 102 million dead trees in our forests, is a potentially dangerous combination. We all must remain vigilant this summer when it comes to wildfire prevention and preparation,” said Kevin Dasso, PG&E vice president of Electric Asset Management.

The patrols will run until October 31, unless conditions allow for an earlier end. Five planes will fly daily routes from late afternoon until dusk, when wildfires are most likely to ignite with hot, dry weather at its peak.

Using fixed-wing aircraft, fire spotters will operate along these routes:

Redding to Auburn in the Northern SierraAuburn to Auberry in the Southern SierraRedding to Humboldt to Lake CountyVacaville to Solvang near the coast Mendocino County

The patrols are coordinated through PG&E’s aerial operations. The Mendocino County route is co-funded by PG&E and run by the Mendocino County Aerial Fire Patrol Co-Operative. The Co-Op patrol will begin July 1 and run through October 15.

In 2016, the third year of the patrols, PG&E and Mendocino Co-Op planes spotted 142 fires, and in seven instances, PG&E was first to report the fires to CAL FIRE or the U.S. Forest Service. Early detection of smoke or fire allows fire agencies to quickly respond to accurate locations to put out fires before they spread.

“CAL FIRE has responded to over 1,700 wildfires since January 1, 2017 that have resulted in more than 18,000 acres burned across California,” said Chief Joe Tyler, CAL FIRE’s assistant deputy director of fire protection. “We appreciate the aerial patrols PG&E does to look for potential fire starts, especially in those areas most impacted by the unprecedented tree mortality."

PG&E funds the patrols as part of its ongoing response to California’s tree mortality emergency caused by years of drought and bark beetle infestation. In addition to its daily aerial fire patrols, PG&E is conducting enhanced ground patrols on 73,000 miles of electric power line to inspect and remove dead and dying trees that could fall into a line and cause a fire. PG&E provided $2 million to local Fire Safe Councils this year to fund 43 fuel reduction projects in 21 counties. The company is also supporting CAL FIRE’s public education campaign to help raise and drive awareness of fire risk, prevention and response.

Dead trees are an extreme fire danger because they allow wildfires to spread rapidly. If you have dead or dying trees on your property, the entire tree needs to be removed. Contact PG&E at 1-800-743-5000 or online at www.pge.com/treesanddrought before removing dead trees near power lines. You can learn more about bark beetle and how to remove dead trees on your property through CAL FIRE's www.ReadyforWildfire.org.

About PG&E

Pacific Gas and Electric Company, a subsidiary of PG&E Corporation (NYSE:PCG), is one of the largest combined natural gas and electric energy companies in the United States. Based in San Francisco, with more than 20,000 employees, the company delivers some of the nation’s cleanest energy to nearly 16 million people in Northern and Central California. For more information, visit www.pge.com/ and pge.com/news.


East Bay Regional Park Programs, week starting July 1, 2017

News from the East Bay Regional Parks
Park It column by Ned MacKay

Independence Day, the Fourth of July, falls on a Tuesday this year. The holiday will be celebrated with appropriate festivities at several of the East Bay Regional Parks.

Perhaps the most elaborate will be at Ardenwood Historic Farm in Fremont, where a 1900-style community festival is planned from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Attractions will include patriotic music on the Patterson House lawn, and fiddle music in the farmyard. There will be games and contests all day long, such as nail driving, egg toss, watermelon seed spitting for distance, a bucket brigade and a tug-of-war. Visitors can bring a picnic or purchase food at the farm.
Ardenwood is located at 34600 Ardenwood Boulevard, just north of Highway 84. Admission fee for the Independence Day event is $10 for adults, $8 for seniors 62 and older, $5 for children ages 4 through 17, and free for ages 3 and under. Parking is free. For information, call 510-544-2797.
Independence Day celebrations also are planned at Crab Cove Visitor Center in Alameda. Crab Cove’s Mobile Visitor Center will participate in Alameda’s Fourth of July parade between 9:30 a.m. and 1 p.m., and you can “swim” along with the marching unit. Then from 2 to 4:30 p.m. there will be open house at the visitor center at the end of McKay Avenue, with family-friendly activities all afternoon. For information, call 510-544-3187.
Tilden Nature Area near Berkeley will host open house at the Environmental Education Center from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. on Tuesday, July 4. Nature exploration, lemonade tasting, and ice cream making are all on the agenda.
The center is at the north end of Tilden’s Central Park Drive. For information, call 510-544-2233.
In general, all the regional parks will be open on Tuesday, July 4, with picnic tables available on a first-come, first-served basis. It’s best to arrive early to secure a table, especially at parks that have swim areas, which tend to be extremely popular on hot summer days. When you swim, do so only in authorized areas, stay within your skill level, and abide by any instructions from lifeguards, rangers, police and firefighters.
If all tables are taken, you can spread a blanket on the lawn. Portable barbecues are okay on lawns, but not in dry grass. Please dispose of coals only in the concrete bins designed for that purpose, not in regular trash barrels.
On the Fourth of July, some regional parks do not allow alcohol at all. Alcohol is prohibited that day at Contra Loma in Antioch, Crown Beach in Alameda, Don Castro in Hayward, Miller-Knox in Richmond, Quarry Lakes in Fremont, Shadow Cliffs in Pleasanton, and Sunol in southern Alameda County. Sunol is always dry, the other parks mentioned normally require a permit for beer and wine consumption. Hard liquor is not allowed in the regional parks. And no alcohol is allowed at any park district swim beaches and pools.
Fire is always a summer concern, especially because of the hot dry weather we have been experiencing. Be extremely careful, and remember that smoking is prohibited throughout the year in all regional parks.

* * *

Besides the Fourth of July celebrations, there are lots of natural history programs from which to choose in the regional parks.
How about Parasite Day? It’s a free program from 9 to 10:30 a.m. on Saturday, July 1 at Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve. Naturalist Kevin Dixon will lead a walk during which you can learn about parasites, hyperparasites, parasitoids and other natural phenomena. Meet Kevin in the parking lot at the upper end of Somersville Road, 3½ miles south of Highway 4. For information, call 888-327-2757, ext. 2750.
Or there’s a flat, one-mile, levee-top stroll from 8 to 9 a.m. Saturday, July 1 at Big Break Regional Shoreline in Oakley, to look for Delta plant and animal life. And you can join in fish fun from 2 to 3 p.m. the same day.
Big Break is at 69 Big Break Road off Oakley’s Main Street. For information, call 888-327-2757, ext. 3050.
Peregrine falcons are nesting in the Castle Rocks at Diablo Foothills Regional Park in Walnut Creek. Naturalist Virginia Delgado will be available to talk about the falcons from 1 to 3 p.m. on Saturday, July 1. Look for her at the bench and information panel across from the rocks, just above the Old Stage Road trail.
Diablo Foothills and Castle Rock are at the end of Castle Rock Road. For information, call 510-544-2750.

* * *

A final note on Independence Day: fireworks of any kind, even the so-called safe and sane variety, are illegal in the regional parks. The fire danger is just too high. So have a great Fourth of July, but please celebrate it in the parks without the rocket’s red glare.


What is the ‘Reasonable Probability’ Test regarding Criminal Convictions?

Question: I was convicted of an assault charge and have been told that there is a possibility that I can show that it was not a crime of moral turpitude, and therefore, that I would not be deportable. Is this true?

Answer: It is possible in many criminal statutes to analyze scenarios whereby certain conduct under the statute would not be considered to have committed a crime involving moral turpitude. There are Courts that have determined that under what is known as the categorical approach, it is insufficient to provide "theoretically possible" conduct that constitutes a non–aggravated felony or crime of moral turpitude to determine that a particular statute is not an aggravated felony.

Rather, it requires proof that the minimum conduct that would make a conviction a non–aggravated felony crime has a "realistic possibility" of being prosecuted under the statute. For example, in one case whether "aiding and abetting" under a vehicle theft statute in California was an aggravated felony and rejected the Ninth Circuit's determination that "aiding and abetting" a theft is not itself a crime that falls within the generic definition of theft. In so doing, the Court found that when a respondent seeks to create a new "subspecies" of a crime so that it falls outside of the generic definition of the aggravated felony then he or she has the burden to demonstrate that the statute was applied that way in his or her case or that it has been applied that way in other actual, not hypothetical, cases.

The Court stated: "In our view, to find that a state statute creates a crime outside the generic definition of a listed crime in a federal statute requires more than the application of legal imagination to a state statute's language. It requires a realistic probability, not a theoretical possibility, that the State would apply its statute to conduct that falls outside the generic definition of a crime.

To show that realistic possibility, an offender, of course, may show that the statute was so applied in his own case. But he must at least point to his own case or other cases in which the state courts in fact did apply the statute in the special (nongeneric) manner for which he argues.

Such an example could be in regard to state firearms convictions requiring that a "noncitizen would have to demonstrate that the State actually prosecutes the relevant offense in cases involving antique firearms. Other courts have broadened this to show that they must demonstrate a realistic probability by requiring that others had to have been convicted of the hypothetical crime not merely indicted for it.

Another example, might be a statute that on its face covers a controlled substance not included in the Federal schedule, there must still be a realistic probability the state would prosecute conduct that falls outside the generic definition to defeat removability.

Thus, under the “Reasonable Probability” test, it does make it more difficult to try to carve out sections of statutes showing that the crime should not be an aggravated felony or a crime of moral turpitude, but in fact, it is possible and can be done and applied if properly argued.


Restaurant Employee Participation in McDonald’s Archways to Opportunity Education Program Doubles in Just One Year

Nearly 17,000 Restaurant Employees have enrolled; Program celebrates its first 100 high school diploma graduates through partnership with Cengage

June 21, 2017 – In 2015, McDonald’s launched Archways to Opportunity, a comprehensive education program that provides eligible U.S. employees at participating restaurants an opportunity to earn a high school diploma, receive upfront college tuition assistance, access free education advising services and learn English as a second language. In the first year of the program, the company saw nearly 5,000 restaurant employees enroll to receive the education offerings. Now, in year two, participation in the program has more than doubled with a 238% increase in enrollment. This acceleration signals the clear interest and need for workforce development programs that help people achieve their dreams, no matter where they are on their personal journey.

The program has strong support from its franchisees, including Arlene Laddaran, who currently has employees enrolled in the Archways to Opportunity program across her restaurants in the Los Angeles area.

“McDonald’s believes in investing in its employees, and in education programs that build skills employees need to succeed in the workforce,” said Laddaran. “As local business owners, it is great to see our very own employees obtain an education, find their passions, and succeed at McDonald’s and beyond.”

“Given our scale, McDonald’s and our independent franchisees believe we have a responsibility to advance the next generation of workers and give back to the communities in which they live and work,” said Rob Lauber, Global Chief Learning Officer. “Restaurant employees have told us they are looking for an opportunity to build new skills and receive an education. It’s wonderful to see Archways to Opportunity participation double over the course of a year as it illustrates that the program is making a difference for our people. This program is just one of the many ways we are committed to being America’s best first job for restaurant employees – we are not only a job, but a step in helping build careers.”

This spring, Archways to Opportunity also marks another milestone: celebrating its first 100 high school diploma graduates. Restaurant employees earn high school diplomas at no cost from the nationally-accredited Career Online High School program through Cengage. Nearly 40 million American adults do not have a high school diploma according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. McDonald’s wants to be part of the solution to this national challenge.

Partners like Career Online High School help make it possible to offer eligible U.S. restaurant employees the opportunity to earn accredited high school diplomas and career certificates.

“Career Online High School offers a flexible way for students to earn a nationally accredited high school diploma and workforce readiness certificate,” said Dr. Howard Liebman, Superintendent, Career Online High School and founder of Smart Horizons Career Online Education. “We are excited to help McDonald’s restaurant employees build their skill and education levels to expand their career and life opportunities.”

For more information about McDonald’s Archways to Opportunity program please visit www.ArchwaysToOpportunity.com.



China facing largest diabetes epidemic in the world: study

By Agence France-Presse

China is facing the largest diabetes epidemic in the world with around 11 percent of its population suffering from the metabolic illness, while nearly 36 percent are prediabetic, according to a US study published Tuesday.

Photo:With a population of 1.09 billion adults, 388.1 million of whom are projected to be prediabetic, China faces the largest diabetes epdemic in the world (AFP Photo/Nicolas ASFOURI / MANILA BULLETIN)

The survey, which included 170,287 participants and was conducted in 2013, was analyzed with the assistance of Linhong Wang from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention and was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Researchers measured levels of fasting plasma glucose of each participant. Those with levels of 126 milligrams per deciliter or higher were defined as diabetic while those with levels between 105 and 126 mg/dl were defined as pre-diabetic.

Hyperglycemia is a result of two anomalies — a malfunction of the pancreas which creates insulin, or the resistance of the body to this hormone.

Among the diabetic population in China, 36.5 percent were aware of their diagnosis and 32.2 percent were receiving treatment. Among those being treated, 49.2 percent had adequate glycemic control.

Tibetan and Muslim Chinese had significantly lower prevalence of diabetes compared to the majority Han population (14.7 percent for Han, 4.3 percent for Tibetan, and 10.6 percent for Muslim).

The adult diabetic rate in China of 10.9 percent is close to that of the United States of 9.3 percent according to 2014 figures recorded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The Chinese prediabetic rate of 35.7 percent was also close to the US rate of 37 percent recorded in 2014.

With approximately 1.09 billion adults in China, some 388.1 million were projected to be prediabetic (200.4 million men and 187.7 million women).

Diabetes is a growing public health problem throughout the world.

Some 422 million adults around the world had diabetes in 2014, compared to 108 million in 1980, according to a report published by the World Health Organization in 2016.

Diabetes rates have increased more rapidly in low and middle-income countries.

Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks and lower limb amputations, according to the WHO.

In 2012, an estimated 1.5 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes and another 2.2 million deaths were attributable to high blood glucose, according to the report.

8 tips for being productive on the iPad with iOS 10

You can do more than you think
by Dieter Bohn@backlon

Photo by Tyler Pina / The Verge

In my review of the iPad Pro 10.5, I said that most people should probably wait until all the productivity improvements coming in iOS 11 are available before buying one. But you didn't wait, did you, you maniac? You went out and bought one, and are now wondering how you can get the most out of the machine you spent over $1,000 kitting out.

One obvious thing to do is go ahead and install the iOS 11 public beta. It seems relatively stable on the iPad Pro. But my recommendation is still to wait a bit, especially if you depend on your iPad for day-to-day work.

So if you’re sticking with iOS 10 for now, good on you — you are a very responsible person. And lucky for you, there are a bunch of obvious and not-so-obvious things you can do to get more use out of your shiny new iPad, making it less likely that it will end up sitting unused in your nightstand until you want to watch Netflix.

Here are some of my favorite tips. This certainly isn't comprehensive, but there are the tricks and apps that make iPad life better for me. Most of these tips will also serve you in good stead once you upgrade to iOS 11, too.


Apples Smart Keyboard isn't everybody's favorite. Mine doesn't quite sit flush on a table, and it's awkward to use on a lap. There are other options on the way that give you more angles and more function keys; Logitech's looks decent. But I like the Smart Keyboard mainly because it folds up into such a small package.

So if you're sticking with Apple's keyboard, you're going to want to learn some keyboard shortcuts. Some are obvious, like Cmd-Tab to switch apps and Cmd-Space to open up Spotlight search. Others are harder to discover. Apps that are properly coded for iOS will display a pop-up of their keyboard shortcuts when you hold down the Cmd key. Here are a few I like:

Cmd-H will get you back to the home screen.
In Spotlight, you can hold down the down-arrow key to jam past all the supposedly helpful search suggestions and get to the web search you actually want a little bit faster.
Cmd-Shift-3 takes a screenshot, just like on your Mac.
Opt + arrow keys let you navigate text word by word or line by line.
Opt + Delete deletes a whole word at a time.
One last note: I was (and am) tempted to suggest you install the excellent Gboard keyboard for on-screen typing, because it offers swipe-to-type. Except that when you do, for some reason, the apostrophe key on external keyboards stops working. It's a super annoying bug.


One of the most powerful features on iOS is Text Replacement. Ostensibly, it lets you type something short on a phone and have it automatically expanded out into something more complicated. Most people use it for stuff like turning “@@” into an email address or "shruggie" into ¯\_(ツ)_/¯.

These are valuable features, but I also use them to do custom searches in the browser. For example, I've set "vgg" to "site:theverge.com" so I can search The Verge more quickly in Safari. You can add a bunch of other custom searches, though it's not as powerful as what you can do in Alfred on the Mac.

Sadly, for some reason Text Replacement isn't working for me in Spotlight search, which is where I really want it the most.


This one's pretty obvious, but I'm telling you anyway: keep playing around with apps, especially in conjunction with the way multitasking works on iOS 10: Slide Over (which you pull in from the right) and full split screen. You might find that an old standby app that you love doesn't support split screen yet, but a perfectly good (or maybe even better!) alternative does.

In particular, most of Google's apps are simply atrocious on the iPad. Gmail and Inbox don't support split-screen mode, which is bonkers. Google Docs does, but it's pretty awful on the iPad. Microsoft Word, however, is quite lovely on the iPad.

Other apps just act twitchy. Twitter, for example, refuses to open a link when it's a skinny app on the right; you have to go half-screen. Tweetbot, however, works great and also will stream tweets automatically when it's sitting to the side.

Safari lets you split screen two tabs, but sadly you can't do it and have a second app open.

All these split-screen hoops will get slightly better with iOS 11, but not entirely. Even though the multitasking interface on iOS 10 isn't as good, it's still useful to find apps that play nice with it now, and they'll be much more likely to play nice when the update comes.


Sorry, Adobe. I'm sure that the idea of releasing a dozen lightweight versions of your apps for iOS seemed like a good idea at the time, but you got lapped by Affinity. It was demonstrated at Apple's WWDC keynote, and it’s available at an intro price of $19.99.

That might seem like a lot for an iPad app to you, but it is wildly powerful — and honestly a little hard to figure out. But I've found that investing time into the app pays off. The learning curve seems easier than Photoshop and I'm finding that I can make really nice edits without too much work. If $19.99 is too much for you, Pixelmator is another good photo-editing app for iOS at $4.99.

I'll admit that this "tip" isn't entirely unmotivated: if we want more "pro" apps on the iPad, we should reward companies that make apps that work well on the iPad.


Speaking of great apps that feel native to the iPad Pro, check out Annotable. It's an app for marking up screenshots with arrows and highlights and circles and doodles. It's free for some features, with in-app purchases for some features.

When iOS 11 comes, there will be a neat new screenshot workflow that makes these annotations easier. Until then, this app is the closest thing to Skitch (or rather, to what Skitch was when it was good) on the iPad. And I suspect that even when iOS 11 comes out, it will have enough new features to avoid getting Sherlocked.


I know, the widgets section in the Notification Center is probably the easiest part of iOS to ignore, but hang with me here for a minute. On the iPad, widgets can be displayed in two columns. If you're using the iPad as your main computer, there's a pretty solid chance you're going to want to do quick checks on your calendar more often.

Widgets make checking you calendar, tasks, and other little bits of information easier, and I find I use them more often on the iPad than I do on my iPhone. And they're easier to get to than bouncing home and hunting around for the app, then launching it, then trying to get back to whatever your last work setup was.


In iOS 11, you will have to futz with the official iOS Share Sheet less often. Until then, you will need to hit that little box with the arrow sticking out of it all the time. So you should take a minute to actually organize it.

To do it, tap that icon, then swipe each of the horizontal rows of apps all the way over. You'll have to do it for each row. Then you can toggle most apps off (some don't allow you do, which is weird and annoying) and reorder them so the stuff you actually use is easer to get to.

And you should also know that the "Share Sheet" is a misnomer, as it's become a place where all sorts of weird extra functionality gets scurried away. That applies doubly to Safari, where you'll find the very useful "Request Desktop Site" button sitting inside the Share Sheet as well as third-party extensions like 1Password.


We’re fans of Duet over here at The Verge. It turns your iPad into second monitor for your Mac or PC and also lets you draw directly into apps as though it were a Wacom tablet. Sure, you can be productive on an iPad Pro, but you can surely do more on a Mac, and even more on a Mac with a second display.

Duet is also well-supported: it’s already been updated with full iPad Pro support. It’s theoretically pricey at $19.99 apiece for each in-app purchase, but that’s still way less than buying a portable monitor. And, as before, paying for well-supported pro apps on the iPad gives all developers incentive to make more of them.

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