Duterte told Trump to 'keep the pressure' on N. Korea

By the Rappler Investigative Team
     
This story was put together in partnership with The Intercept, which obtained the transcript of President Duterte's April 29 phone conversation with President Trump and shared it with Rappler.
MANILA – While publicly calling on the United States and North Korea to "show restraint", Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte asked US President Donald Trump in private to "keep the pressure" on North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un.
In a phone conversation with Trump last April 29 – a transcript of which was obtained by Rappler in cooperation with The Intercept, an award-winning digital magazine that has reported on classified documents – Duterte shared Trump's disdain for Kim.
Duterte said Kim is a "madman" who is "laughing always", has a "dangerous toy in his hands", and can only be stopped by China, "the last card" to avert "so much agony and suffering for all mankind."
The "confidential" transcript revealed the views of Duterte and Trump on North Korea, and uncovered the complicated dynamics between the US, China, and the Philippines.
The authenticity of the document was confirmed by a Palace source. Names on the document were also confirmed by another source in the Department of Foreign Affairs.
The transcript revealed the following:
·         Duterte, in public, urges both North Korea and the US to "show restraint," but in his private conversation with Trump, asked the US to "keep the pressure" on North Korea.
·         Duterte views China as having the ace against North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un.
·         Duterte, in public, claims that Trump asked him to call Chinese President Xi Jinping to intervene in the Korean Peninsula crisis. The transcript showed that it was Duterte who volunteered to do this.
·         While the Philippine leader curses at the US in public, Duterte told Trump on behalf of ASEAN leaders, "We support you," as they seek US intervention in the Korean Peninsula crisis. Trump pointed out "we are all counting on China" in dealing with North Korea.
Rappler is quoting verbatim from the transcript, keeping intact the errors in punctuation and spelling, which a Palace source described as "nothing extraordinary" – especially if done in a hurry.
Assessing Kim Jong-Un
The transcript begins with Duterte thanking Trump for calling, and Trump saying he hopes it is not too late in the evening. It was around 10 pm on April 29.
Duterte replied it was all right, as he was just having dinner with members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Trump said he knows Duterte doesn't sleep much, "just like me."
Trump proceeded to congratulate Duterte on his "unbelievable job" in the war on drugs. Duterte thanked Trump, calling illegal drugs "the scourge of my nation now."
Trump said he understand this, and he thinks the US "had a previous President who did not understand that" – in reference to former US president Barack Obama, who criticized Duterte's bloody anti-drug campaign.
According to the transcript, Trump then said, "So how is everyone doing, how is the Phls doing?"
This was where Duterte opened the topic of the Korean Peninsula, urging Trump to "keep on the pressure" on North Korea.
"We are doing fine Mr president but in the ASEAN summit every member state was really nervous about situation in Korean peninsula but we would like to tell you that we support you and keep the pressure because as long as those rockets and warheads are in the hands of Kim Jon Un we will never be safe as there's not telling what will happen next," Duterte said. (The transcript misspelled the name of the North Korean leader.)
Trump shot back, "Whats your opinion of him, Rodrigo? Are we dealing with someone who stable or not stable?"
Duterte answered: "He is not stable, Mr President, as he keeps on smiling when he explodes a rocket. He even has gone against China which is the last country he should rebuke. But it seems from his face – he is laughing always and theres as dangerous toy in his hands which could create so much agony and suffering for all mankind."
Trump replied that Kim "has got the powder but he doesn't have the delivery system."
"All his rockets are crashing. That's the good news," Trump added, saying the problem is "when he gets that delivery system."
Duterte: 'The ace has to be with China'
The US president then asked Duterte about China. "Does China have power over him?"
Duterte replied: "Yes at the end of the day, the last card, the ace has to be with China. Its only China. He is playing with his bombs, his toys and from the looks of it, his mind is not working well and he might just go crazy one moment. China should make a last ditch effort to tell him to lay off. China will play a very important role there."
Trump said the US has "a lot of firepower" in the region, including two nuclear submarines, "the best in the world." He also said, "I've never seen anything like they are but we don't have to use this but he could be crazy so we will see what happens."
Duterte replied, "Every generation has a mad man – in our generation is Kim Jung Un – you are dealing with a very delicate problem."
"We can handle it," Trump said.
Duterte replied, "But you can keep the pressure on him."
Trump said he hopes China "solves the problem." He said China has the means "because a great degree of their stuff come through China."
At this point, Duterte offers to call Chinese President Xi Jinping. "I will try to make a call to President Xi Jinping and I will try to tell him that if we will remain to be peaceful, China has the card. The other option is a nuclear blast which is not good for everybody."
'We are all counting on China'
Trump said of Xi, "You can tell him I am counting on him. I have a very good relationship with him. I had him in Florida for two days and got to know him well. He is a good guy."
Duterte promised to call Chinese Ambassador to the Philippines Zhao Jianhua to facilitate the phone call. "It will be good if you can keep on the pressure on Kim but actually we are all worried as we are all within the striking distance of his rockets. We are afraid," the Philippine leader said.
Trump then told Duterte: "We cant let a madman with nuclear weapons let on the loose like that. We have a lot of firepower, more than he has, times 20 but we don't want to use it. You will be in good shape."
"We believe it, we know it all along," Duterte said.
Trump replied, "Pls call China and tell them we are all counting on China. Tell the President – we became friends for two days – he was great."
Meeting
At this point, Trump shifted the conversation to their possible meeting either in Manila or Washington.
"Work it out with your staff," Trump told Duterte. "Seriously, if you want to come over, just let us know."
"Just take care of yourself, and we will take care of North Korea," Trump said.
Duterte replied by saying he will relay his message to other ASEAN leaders.
"Thank you for the concern. God bless you Mr President," Duterte said.
Trump answered, "Take care of yourself, Rodrigo. God bless you."
Reacting to the transcript obtained by The Intercept, the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) on Wednesdaypointed out, "Under Philippine law, there is criminal and civil liability attached to the hacking, unauthorized disclosure, and use of illegally or inadvertently obtained confidential government documents."
The DFA then pointed out that Duterte and Trump "have a good and warm working relationship," and that the agency supports the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
The agency ended its statement saying: "While we value the need for transparency and the people's right to information, release of certain pieces of information, whether accurate of inaccurate, can affect national security and regional peace and stability."
"As such, we appeal to the sense of responsibility and patriotism of all concerned," the DFA said. – Rappler.com
 
 
 
 
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High Senate official wins award for torture

MANILA -- A top official of the Senate is one of the 317 Martial Law victims to have received last May 8 the first tranche of monetary compensation from the government for the human rights abuses they suffered during the period.
 
Senate Secretary Lutgardo Barbo is among the more prominent personalities found by the Human Rights Victims Claims Board (HRVCB) 1stDivision to be a “human rights violation victim,” citing his arbitrary detention, torture and sexual offense at the hands of military agents in 1980.
 
“It is a welcome development, but this amount could not possibly repay the fears that I felt for my life and for my family during the time. I suppose no amount of money could pay for what we have lost,” he said.
 
Barbo, a former Eastern Samar governor and president of the Philippine Normal University (PNU), said that he is grateful that the government is finally “taking concrete steps to help those who have suffered so much during those dark years.”
 
“The scars of those years remain, even after all these decades.  Even among the victims who still live, Martial Law took away a part of their lives that they are never going to get back,” said Barbo.  
 
According to the resolution penned by the HRCVB first decision on his claim, Barbo was arrested at San Fernando, Pampanga by operatives of the Intelligence Service of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (ISAFP) in September of 1980.
 
He was detained in relation to the September 6, 1980 explosion in the YMCA building in Manila, which authorities blamed on the anti-Marcos ‘Light-a-fire movement,” since his name appeared in the telephone book of Victor Burns Lovely Jr., the alleged bomber.
 
Barbo proved to be an “unusual target” compared to most individuals pursued by the security services during Martial Law, as he was already a legal counsel for the Pepsi-Cola Bottling Company Philippines at the time. 
 
However, his status did little to protect him from the armed men, who forced him at gunpoint to come with them.
 
“When I told them that I was a lawyer, they said, “Huwag kang mag-lalawyer lawyer dito ah. They told me to be cooperative if I wanted to live,” he said. 
 
Paraded as “one communist terrorist big fish” by the military, Barbo was eventually brought to Camp Aguinaldo, where he was subjected to repeated beatings and long hours of interrogation, as agents would insult him, spit at him and threaten to shoot him in his genitals or his head.
 
The same agents also offered to free him and even schedule him a meeting with President Ferdinand Marcos, if he would “testify against then Senator Jovito Salonga.” Barbo refused the deal, which angered his captors.  
 
Barbo said his worst ordeal was when he was forced to strip naked by a military interrogator, who then hit and probed his private parts with a wooden stick.  
 
“Right then, I thought that I was going to die. I prayed for more than thirty minutes, and ignored everything that they were saying or doing to me,” he said.
 
“What was painful really is to be humiliated like that, and to be mentally and physiologically tortured,” he said.
 
Barbo was detained for two months, until his wife, lawyer Rebecca Barbo, and his mother –in-law Nieves Bautista Ambulo, secured his release. However, he was placed on house arrest and was forced to report to Camp Crame every week.
 
While it has been nearly four decades since his detention, Barbo said that the traumatizing experience remained with him through the years.
 
“For years, whenever I am in a room, I made sure to keep the door open. I could not stand to be locked inside a room – I felt like the ceiling and the walls were going to close in on me,” he said.
 
 However, Barbo said that he wished no ill to the military men who were involved in his arrest and torture.
 
“There had been a time that I wanted to seek revenge, for what they did. But I eventually found out that the commanding officer who was largely responsible for my torture had live a wretched life after the Marcos years,nasira ang buhay. In the end, I only felt remorse,” he said.
 
Barbo said that he has since made it his mission to help those, who like him, suffered abuses at the hands of law enforcers and government officials.
 
In 1988, the Supreme Court, through a decision penned by former Chief Justice Claudio Teehankee, gave a rare commendation to Barbo “for his fearless and unrelenting pursuit of the cause of truth and justice” as lawyer for the families of three fish merchants who were arrested and became missing persons in Eastern Samar during Martial Law.
 
The reparations and the HRVCB are mandated under the Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013 or RA 10368, signed by former President Benigno Aquino III.
 
The HRVCB has earlier said that the second tranche will be given after the board finishes going over the 75,000 claims of human rights violations that have been submitted.
 
 
 
 
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Militant groups hit the streets to denounce martial rule

INQUIRER.net

Just like back in the 1970s, members of various militant groups and their support organizations are again taking their fight into the streets of Manila to denounce the government’s imposition of martial law in Mindanao.

Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (Bayan) secretary general Renato Reyes said on Friday that different groups decided to convene in Mendiola to voice out their strong opposition in martial law.

“Today (Friday) we march to Mendiola in solidarity with the people of Marawi and Mindanao. We condemn in no uncertain terms the attacks of the Maute group against the civilians of Marawi,” Reyes said in a statement.

Other groups joining the sentiments of Bayan were people’s rights advocate Karapatan and Suara Bangsamoro, a Mindanao-based war survivor organization. The members dubbed the protest move as “Black Friday.”

During the Marcos regime, militant and leftist groups joined together in holding anti-martial law street demonstrations particularly in Mendiola and Liwasang Bonifacio in Manila, only to be met by violent dispersals from law enforcers.

Reyes said the groups strongly “oppose President Rodrigo Duterte’s martial law and the human rights violations it (entails).”

Bayan said that the administration should address the root causes of the armed conflict as the “only means of achieving a just and lasting peace in Mindanao.”

“The raging conflict in Mindanao is rooted in poverty, inequality, rights violations including the right to the self-determination. These will require more than just a militarist solution,” Reyes added.

“Black Friday” protesters will gather in the afternoon at the University of Santo Tomas in Manila and will be proceeding to Mendiola. Participants are encouraged to wear black t- shirts to show their condemnation of martial law. Eiriel Rain Dollete/INQUIRER.net trainee/JPV/rga

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6 foreigners among terrorists killed in Marawi – AFP

But the military insists this 'does not confirm the clear presence of ISIS' in the Philippines

by Bea Cupin

DAVAO CITY, Philippines – The Philippine government on Friday, May 26, said foreigners were among the Maute Group and Abu Sayyaf Group members fighting government troops in Marawi City.

“Malaysian, Indonesians from Singapore and other foreign jihadists,” said Solicitor General Jose Calida in a press conference with Palace officials and the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) in Davao City.

Calida, in explaining why President Rodrigo Duterte had declared martial law over the entire Mindanao island region, said: “What’s happening in Mindanao is no longer a rebellion of Filipino citizens. It has transmogrified into invasion by foreign terrorists who heeded the clarion call of the ISIS to go to the Philippines if they find difficulty in going to Iraq or Syria.”

AFP spokesman Brigadier General Restituto Padilla, who was also at the press conference, confirmed that of the 31 alleged Maute Group members killed in clashes with government troops, 6 had been identified as foreigners.

Martial law was declared over Mindanao on May 23, following what the military said was a surgical strike against Abu Sayyaf Group leader Isnilon Hapilon, who is believed to have pledged allegiance to ISIS. (READ: Making sense of Duterte's martial law)

Critics said the clashes in Marawi did not merit a Mindanao-wide coverage of martial law and that President Rodrigo Duterte is merely using the conflict as basis for imposing tougher measures and silencing dissent.

On May 23, at least 3 fires broke out in Marawi City. Residents have since fled the city as government troops continue to hold clearing operations. (READ: He watched Maute Group kill a cop, then he escaped)

Padilla would only confirm the presence of Indonesian and Malaysian fighters and refused to say how many of each nationality were identified as those killed in Marawi.

The AFP spokesman said the foreign nationals had been residing in the Philippines for “a long time.” “Some have been helping, teaching, aiding, and connecting [local terror groups],” he added.

But no ISIS?

Still, Padilla said that this does not equate to ISIS presence in the country. “Again, on the matter of ISIS the President emphasized that there's ISIS footprint but that does not confirm the clear presence of ISIS itself yet,” he told media in a chance interview.

But a terrorism expert warned the government against downplaying ISIS presence in the Philippines. The country is now the ISIS' epicenter in Southeast Asia, Rohan Gunaratna told Rappler. (WATCH: Admit ISIS presence in the Philippines

Members of the Maute Group, while breakaway elements of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), "are no longer Mautes" and "are no longer MILF," Gunaratna explained. "They are IS, because they are operating like IS, and they have changed the name," he said. "So we have to name them by the group they call themselves." – Rappler.com

 
 
 
 
 
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No basis for Philippines-wide martial law – senators

By Marvin Sy and Paolo Romero (The Philippine Star)

everal senators do not see any basis for President Rodrigo Duterte to impose martial law in the whole country as various personalities and groups have warned against possible repercussions of such a scenario. AP/Pavel Golovkin, File
MANILA, Philippines - Several senators do not see any basis for President Duterte to impose martial law in the whole country as various personalities and groups have warned against possible repercussions of such a scenario.

Under the Constitution, the President may only declare martial law in case of invasion or rebellion when public safety requires it. The effectivity of the declaration can only last for 60 days. It is also subject to review of Congress and the Supreme Court.

“I don’t see it,” Senate Minority Leader Franklin Drilon said yesterday, referring to any basis for declaring martial law nationwide.

Sen. Francis Pangilinan said while they have given their “critical and guarded support” for the martial law declaration to neutralize the Maute group in Marawi City, “there exists no Visayas-wide nor a Luzon-wide invasion or rebellion to merit the declaration of martial law as allowed under our Constitution.”

Pangilinan said what is happening in the south could be isolated terrorist acts and they would oppose any plan to place the whole country under martial law.

He said martial law is not the solution to the problems of the country such as terrorism, poverty, unemployment and low wages.

Shortly after his arrival from his abbreviated trip to Russia, the President said he might expand the coverage of martial law to the entire country if violence spills over from Mindanao to the Luzon and Visayas regions.

Unstable

Sen. Antonio Trillanes IV, a former military officer and critic of Duterte, said the President could not be trusted with such a decision and that the Armed Forces of the Philippines could handle the crisis in Marawi City “with or without martial law.”

“Duterte’s erratic behavior is dangerous because a president has enormous powers. So imagine we give the powers of martial law to an unstable individual like Duterte, our country will be in jeopardy,” Trillanes said.

“If we give Duterte an opening, the next (declaration) will be for the entire country. He’s conditioning the minds of Filipinos that martial law is OK – no, that’s an extreme option,” he said.

Duterte, he said, is “pushing the boundaries of our people’s patience, the different institutions and various sectors to test the limits of his powers.”

He said it appeared that Duterte was “trigger-happy” in declaring martial law in Mindanao and has been “itching” to do so, as he did not wait for the Armed Forces to give an assessment or control the situation within a manageable period.

The senator said the President has been making major decisions without prudent consultations, as in the case of announcing the rejection of aid from the European Union.

World is watching

Former national security adviser Roilo Golez, for his part, pleaded with Duterte not to declare martial law in the entire country, saying the situation may escalate and he may lose the people’s support.

“With your indulgence, I offer my unsolicited advice as a citizen and taxpayer. There is no reason for that,” Golez said.

He strongly recommended that Duterte focus all his “strong leadership skills” in resolving the crisis in Marawi City and wipe out once and for all the Abu Sayyaf and the Maute group.

“We have to show the world that the government has the decisiveness and competence to solve this crisis very quickly. The world is watching us now. Please end this crisis fast so we can go back to normal, to business as usual, which is the objective of crisis management,” Golez said.

He said returning to normalization as soon as possible is clear in the National Security Council crisis management template.

“If the crisis escalates beyond Mindanao, that would mean a failure of the management of the Marawi crisis,” Golez said.

He said since the martial law declaration covers only Mindanao, the people in general are with Duterte.

“But an expansion beyond Mindanao I dare say would not generate the same public support and could even erode your popularity in Metro Manila, the rest of Luzon and most of the Visayas,” he said.

Golez said he fully supports the President’s Mindanao martial law proclamation and prays for his success in ending the crisis quickly and decisively.

Human rights advocates expressed alarm over Duterte’s declaration of martial law in Mindanao.

Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana said under martial law, the military will have “control of movement, searches and arrest of detained people, suspension of writ of habeas corpus.”

“Given the lawlessness of Duterte’s ‘war on drugs,’ in which the police and their agents have been implicated in the cold-blooded killing of more than 7,000 suspected drug dealers and users, military restraint in Mindanao may be wishful thinking,” noted James Ross, legal and policy director at Human Rights Watch.

Earlier, Duterte was quoted as saying, “Martial law is martial law, ha. It will not be any different from what the (former) president, (Ferdinand) Marcos did. I’d be harsh.”

Ross said Duterte’s casual reference to the late dictator should be alarming, especially for Filipinos who lived through martial law under the late dictator.

“For nearly 10 years, beginning in 1972, Philippine security forces carried out massive arbitrary arrests and detention, torture and countless extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances for which very few were ever punished. The country’s downward spiral continued after martial law was lifted in 1981 until Marcos was overthrown in the 1986 ‘people power’ revolution.”

However, the group said Duterte faces one significant obstacle to becoming the next Marcos: the 1987 Constitution, which places restrictions on the imposition and conduct of martial law.

“Congress can revoke the martial law proclamation by a majority vote and the Supreme Court can rule on the factual basis for its declaration. Martial law can’t be used to suspend the Constitution, the courts or the legislature, and military courts can’t try civilians if the civil courts function. Anyone arrested must be charged before a judge within three days or be released,” Ross said.

But he cautioned “words on paper are just that” and in the coming days and weeks, “(we) will see if the Philippine Congress and courts are up to the task of keeping a wildly abusive President in check. Since Duterte took office nearly a year ago, they haven’t been.”

The group Karapatan urged Duterte to lift the martial law declaration, saying the nation “has gone through the monstrosities of martial law” and repeating it will inevitably worsen rights abuses.

“There are inviolable rights that cannot be foregone, regardless of place, time or context. But despite such safeguards, martial law is a Pandora’s box that will give way to systematic rights violations. Just like in the time of Marcos, these violations will be justified under the blanket of ‘security,’ ‘protection’ and ‘national interest,’” it said.

Sen. Risa Hontiveros said allowing civilians to carry firearms outside their homes to protect themselves or for whatever reason would cause more problems than solutions.

Reacting to the statement made by Duterte about having civilians, particularly those living in Mindanao, armed in public was something that should not be taken lightly.

“If you allow civilians to take up arms then you will only worsen our problems with private armies and warlords,” Hontiveros said.

“This would also add to our problem with the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, which the PNP said has contributed to the rising cases of firearms-related crimes and violent incidents,” she added.

Rather than helping address the problems, Hontiveros said that such declarations by the President would only do more harm.

“His chopsuey declarations and proclamations create more chaos than order,” Hontiveros said.

Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III, Senate President Pro Tempore Ralph Recto, Senators Panfilo Lacson, Gregorio Honasan, Sonny Angara and Francis Escudero were not as alarmed and would like to wait for further developments.

Like Hontiveros, however, Escudero cautioned Duterte against allowing civilians in Mindanao to openly carry their licensed firearms to defend themselves. – With Rhodina Villanueva

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Leftists warn of more EJKs following martial law declaration in Mindanao

 

 

Leftist groups warned on Thursday of more extrajudicial killings following the declaration of martial law over the whole of Mindanao, with President Rodrigo Duterte continuing to insist that the Maute Group, whose members are holed up in Marawi City, were involved in the illegal drug trade.

“With martial law now imposed in Mindanao and possibly other parts of the country, we are bracing for a new wave of extrajudicial killings both of drug-suspects and suspected rebels and terrorists,” former Bayan Muna Rep. Teddy Casiño said in a statement.

Casiño cited the country’s past experience under the martial law regime of President Ferdinand Maqrcos, where many were killed, disappeared, tortured and incarcerated.

“If police, military and related vigilante and paramilitary groups are now conducting extrajudicial killings with impunity, with more than 7,000 victims reported and counting, what more under martial law, where they will be given even more power to curtail our rights?” he said.

Anti-martial law veteran campaigner Sr. Mary John Mananzan said parameters and actual implementation of martial law should be clearly delineated.

“Must it be the whole of Mindanao?” she said. “It can occasion a lot of human rights abuses.”

Casiño and Mananza are among the organizers of Rise Up for Life and Rights, a network of groups and individuals planning the June 12 “Stop the Killings, Defend Human Rights” and “Day of Prayer and Action” rally in Manila.

The umbrella group Bagong Alyansang Makabayan, for its part, opposed any attempt to widen the scope of martial law to include the entire Philippines.

“There is no basis for such a declaration,” Renato Reyes, Bayan secretary-general said. “President Duterte is exhibiting very disturbing fascist tendencies in his recent pronouncements.”

Bayan and its affiliate groups have accused the United States, pro-US officials in the Armed Forces of the Philippines, and ultra-rightists in the Duterte administration for using the Maute-Islamic State threat as a “pretext to impose open fascist rule and justify foreign intervention in the guise of counter-terrorism.”

He said it was possible that the martial law would be used to scuttle the ongoing peace talks with the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP), either through armed provocations or by forcing the NDFP to accept an indefinite ceasefire without any meaningful socio-economic and political reforms.

“Duterte is playing a very dangerous game,” Reyes said. “We disagree with his assertion that iron-fisted rule will solve the problems in Mindanao. He must lift martial law now.”

Mindanao groups and Islamic secular organizations, on the other hand, scored the Maute Group and Islamic State sympathizers for the destruction and killings in Marawi and Lanao del Sur.

The Cotabato City-based Institute for Autonomy and Governance (IAG) said the Maute group’s “reign of terror” in Marawi “destroys the shared values of all men and women of goodwill all over the world.”

“Violent extremism has no place in Mindanao where people value respect for diversities, pluralism and multiculturalism as paths to sustainable peace. The violence in Marawi City is an assault against Islam as a religion of peace. The voice of reason and respect for the dignity of every human being as a shared value of the great religions of the world must prevail over few loud voices who threaten to destroy humanity and our way of life,” IAG said in a statement.

The Quezon City-based Philippine Center for Islam and Democracy (PCID) said the attacks were made “more heinous” as it occurred while the Muslim faithful were preparing for the holy month of Ramadan.

“Any act inciting to terror in the hearts of defenseless civilians, the destruction of places of worship and properties, the murder of innocent men, women, and children irrespective of one’s faith are all forbidden and detestable acts according to Islam,” Amina Rasul, PCID president, said in a statement. “Sowing terror through force and violence has always been an invalid means of attaining societal changes, and cannot be justified through faith or religion.”

“The Qur’an says: ‘If any one slays a person – unless it be as punishment for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew all people. And if any one saves a life, it would be as if he saved the lives of all people.’ (Surah 5, verse 32),” she added.

Like other groups, PCID also called on the government ensure that the declaration of martial law would not compromise the people’s lives and the principles of democracy. The IAG said the martial law in Mindanao “must be so deliberately designed and enforced to be sensitive and not fuel the historical injustice deeply felt by the Moro people.”

“PCID believes that the peaceful resolution of the armed conflict Marawi is needed, through tempered and calibrated responses that will prevent further casualties and damage to property and livelihoods,” Rasul said.

Rasul also said preventing violent extremism should be prioritized by the government and all sectors, and this could be done by addressing its roots.

“First and foremost, our government officials, particularly the elected leaders, should be accountable for good governance and rule of law as well as the deterioration of the peace and order condition in conflict affected communities of the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao,” she said. “Without good governance and the rule of law, government cannot be effective in improving the socio-economic and political conditions of our people, and the delivery of basic services long denied in the Bangsamoro.”

The IAG said one way to address the the scourge of terrorism and violent extremism in Mindanao is to move the peace process forward.

“[It will be] the platform for people of goodwill to make their voices for peace heard and to build institutions that can address the root causes of terror and violence,” the group said. /atm

 

 

 

 

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Duterte asks Putin for loan to buy guns

 
 
 
 
MOSCOW – Despite the abrupt end to President Duterte’s visit to Moscow, the Philippines and Russia will continue to pursue greater cooperation, including possibly on military matters.

In a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin, Mr. Duterte sought a “soft loan” from Russia to buy firearms, because the United States had canceled the Philippines’ planned purchase of US guns.

“I’m having problems with the IS (Islamic State). I come here to seek help,” Mr. Duterte said.

Mr. Duterte and Putin met at the Kremlin before Mr. Duterte flew back home to the Philippines to attend to terror attacks in Marawi City, which prompted him to put the entire Mindanao under martial law.

Putin himself had returned to Moscow from a trip Tuesday evening for the meeting with the Philippine President, his avowed admirer.

Mr. Duterte offered Putin friendship and said he wanted to establish strong bilateral relations with Russia, later assuring him that the Philippines was no longer under the thumb of the West.

“I have gone out of the ambit of the western influence. Nothing has happened ever since the occupation,” he said, referring to the Americans.

Putin, for his part, said the package of bilateral agreements between the Philippines and Russia, which had been prepared for Mr. Duterte’s visit, would still be signed.

While trade between their countries is low, it has been increasing by 25 percent, said the Russian president.

There are also many areas where they can cooperate, including on military matters, he said.

“And we have very many promising and interesting areas of cooperation, including on energy machine building, transport and infrastructure,” Putin added.

During their meeting, Mr. Duterte also explained the reason for his swift departure from the Russian capital, saying he had a problem with IS and had to go home to attend to the urgent matter.

Putin condoled with the Philippines for the loss of lives in the terror attack in Marawi and said he hoped it would be resolved soon with minimal losses and casualties.

He assured Mr. Duterte that he understood why he had to go home at once.

Putin also thanked Mr. Duterte for accepting the invitation to come to Russia.

Putin returned to Moscow from visiting another region in Russia on Tuesday to seize the chance to see the Philippine President in person.

He and Mr. Duterte were originally scheduled to meet on Thursday.

“Your Excellency, Mr. President, I’m so happy to see you in Moscow,” Putin said.

 

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Estrada doubles security in Manila

BY KENNETH HARE HERNANDEZ/The Manila Times

Mayor Joseph Estrada on Wednesday placed Manila under tight watch and ordered the police to set up checkpoints and conduct more patrols to ensure that the violence in Marawi City will not reach the city.

Estrada directed 4,600 Manila policemen to increase their patrol around Malacañang Palace and other government offices and major installation that could be targeted by extremist groups.

“To the Manileños, please rest assured that our law enforcement units are on guard to protect our city,” he said. “Remain calm but be vigilant. You have nothing to worry about as of this moment.”

Estrada directed Manila Police District Director Joel Coronel to use all available assets to preserve peace and order and thwart any attempts by lawless elements to sow chaos or terror.

Coronel said Malacañang is ringed with security checkpoints. Foot and mobile patrols are being held in coordination with the Presidential Security Group (PSG).

“We are on full alert to prevent the incident from Marawi City to spill over in Metro Manila. There might be diversionary actions so we have to prepare for it,” he said.

Coronel added that 300 more policemen will be deployed to secure the observance of the holy month of Ramadan which will start on May 27.

Anti-riot policemen were also stationed at the US Embassy and at the Supreme Court in Ermita to counter possible mass actions by militant organizations.

Terror attacks had hit the city of Manila in the past. In December 2000, terrorists bombed Plaza Ferguson in Malate and an LRT-1 coach that left 22 people dead.

Recently, three bombing incidents occurred in Quiapo but authorities said the explosions were not terror-related.

Remain calm
Makati Mayor Abby Binay also on Wednesday called on her constituents to remain calm and vigilant amid the conflict in Marawi City and the declaration of martial law in Mindanao.

“It should be business as usual in the country’s financial center,” Binay said.

The mayor expressed solidarity with those affected by the recent violence in Marawi.

“Our prayers go out to our brothers and sisters in Mindanao,” she said.

The mayor ordered the Makati Police Department to undertake precautionary measures to keep Makati and its people safe.

“I am directing the Makati police to take the needed steps to ensure the safety of the city and its citizens,” she said.

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78 'hostages' rescued in Marawi hospital – military

The military declares facilities previously occupied by local terror groups – including the Amai Pakpak Medical Center – 'cleared of Maute presence'

Carmela Fonbuena

ILIGAN CITY, Philippines – Up to 78 civilians were held captive by the Maute Group inside the Amai Pakpak Medical Center on Tuesday, May 23, when the local terrorist group occupied the public hospital.

All were rescued, according to the military with the hospital declared "cleared of Maute presence" on Wednesday, May 24.

"At 3:00 pm today, the Amai Pakpak Hospital where Maute members accordingly occupied and held captive some 78 civilians was already declared cleared of Maute presence," said Captain Jo-Ann Petinglay, spokesman of the Western Mindanao Command.

More civilians were rescued in other facilities attacked by the Maute Group on Tuesday, estimated to be a total of 120 civilians.

Others were not as lucky. At least 4 residents, including a priest, were reportedly taken by the terrorist group. (READ: Marawi bishop: Priest, 4 others held hostage by Maute)

The Maute Group killed a cop and a security guard, and then took hostages – 8 patients, 49 construction workers, and 21 hospital staff – on Tuesday when they forced hospital staff to treat two of their wounded colleagues.

Rappler sources said they left the hospital late evening on Tuesday as clashes with the military raged.

In Dansalan College, one of the buildings where fire broke out, they rescued up to 42 teachers who were trapped. It was also declared "clear of Maute presence" Wednesday afternoon.

Five soldiers and 13 members of the terror groups were killed in the clashes, based on military reports. Up to 31 soldiers were wounded.

Clashes erupted on Tuesday as the military moved to hunt down Abu Sayyaf leader Isnilon Hapilon, who was spotted in Marawi City.

Hapilon, who reportedly has direct links to international terrorist group Islamic State (ISIS), joined the Maute Group in Lanao Del Sur supposedly to establish an Islamic caliphate in Central Mindanao. – Rappler.com

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CHR tells government: Uphold human rights despite martial law

By Janvic Mateo (philstar.com)

A Muslim woman passes by policemen at a checkpoint in downtown Manila, Philippines, Wednesday, May 24, 2017 as the Philippine National Police is placed under full alert status following the declaration of martial law in Mindanao, southern Philippines. Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte warned Wednesday that he'll be harsh in enforcing martial law in his country's south as he abruptly left Moscow to deal with a crisis at home sparked by a Muslim extremist siege on a city, where militants burned buildings overnight and are feared to have taken hostages. AP/Aaron Favila
MANILA, Philippines - The Commission on Human Rights on Wednesday urged the government to uphold the human rights of all Filipinos following the declaration of martial law in Mindanao on Tuesday night.

“The President as Commander-in-Chief has vast powers to call out the armed forces to supress rebellion and lawless violence,” CHR chairman Chito Gascon told The STAR.

“The courts and legislative bodies can serve to determine if the prerogative was appropriately exercise. Human rights should be upheld at all times and CHR will continue to monitor,” he added.

In a separate statement, CHR spokesperson Jacqueline de Guia said they are monitoring the situation in Marawi City through the regional human rights commission of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

“We are with the nation in prayer for the safety of our brothers and sisters in Marawi as well as our security force. We are hopeful that the incident is contained, perpetrators are brought to justice and violence does no spread further,” she said.

“We urge the government to ensure that the rights of all Filipinos are upheld while addressing this humanitarian crisis in southern Philippines,” added De Guia.

She stressed that the 1987 Constitution enforces the respect for all civil liberties and assures the protection of human rights despite such declaration of martial law.

“The Philippine Congress – including civilian government institutions, such as civilian courts – shall remain in force and will continue with its functions towards ensuring proper checks and balance under this circumstance,” said De Guia.

“We call on our legislators to exercise due diligence and consideration in reviewing the merits of declaring Martial Law in Mindanao. Let us be reminded of the lessons of the 1972 declaration under a regime of a dictatorship – that we may never again repeat this dark past and continue to recognize the higher value of human dignity at all times,” she added.
Knee-jerk reaction

Meanwhile, the National Union of People’s Lawyers (NUPL) called on President Rodrigo Duterte to recall the declaration of martial law, saying it was an unnecessary knee-jerk reaction to the situation in Mindanao.

“The recent pronouncement made by the President that the martial law in Mindanao will be as harsh as Marcos’ martial law is a dangerous edict. The declaration of martial law should be an option of last resort and should be strictly within the bounds, requirements, and limitations of the Constitution,” NUPL secretary-general Ephraim Cortez said.

“Placing the entire Mindanao under martial law will open the flood gates for unbridled human rights violations and abuses. In the end, it is the civilian population who will be greatly affected. It gives blanket power and authority to conduct military crackdowns and operations that would result in the further diminution of the people’s constitutional rights,” he added.

The group said the recent incidents in Mindanao does not justify the declaration of martial law and that it is not an appropriate solution to the conflict.

They also urged Duterte to order the military not to resort to aerial bombings, mortar shelling, and other forms of military offensive that would endanger the lives of civilians and non-combatants in the affected areas.

For her part, former CHR chair Loretta Ann Rosales called the declaration of martial law as a short-sighted knee-jerk reaction from the president.

“This will result in more human rights violations and massive evacuation of civilians resulting in internally displaced persons, once they start bombing and strafing,” she said.

“Marawi City is one of several cities in Mindanao and in one province among 27. He should isolate the Maute forces within the area which is already militarized,” added Rosales.

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